Coronavirus Global Situation Update

Last Updated:  March 27, 2020

1. GLOBAL LOGISTICS

1.1 Air Freight

Air cargo capacity is expected to be drastically reduced over the coming weeks as airlines adjust operations and reduce as the pandemic worsens.  We are seeing extremely high cargo rates all over due to high demand and little space.

U.S.: Delta Airlines will be cutting its network by 70% and grounding more than 600 aircraft as business evaporates.  United Airlines plans to cut 60% of its planned flights in April, including 85% of its international flights.  JetBlue plans to reduce capacity by 40% in April and May, with more cuts likely in June and July.

South America:  Chilean LATAM has cut services by 70%,  Mexican Aeromexico by 40%, and Colombian Avianca by 30%.

Europe:  Limited connections for air freight.  Freight Forwarders are using charters, part charters, and hard block space capacities on freighter flights daily to ensure eastbound and westbound flows.  Italy:  Milan-Linate Airport has been closed since March 13.  Lufthansa has drastically reduced PAX flights (they will be operating approx. the same number of flights this whole week that they used to operate on a normal day between 6 a.m. and noon).

Asia:  Bangladesh:  All airports are closed, and no goods are moving in or out the the country.  India:  Airlines have cancelled service to India due to labor shortages. No goods are moving in or out of the country.

Africa: Africa airlines are adjusting their PAX schedules with Rwanda after Rwandair suspended all flights for 30 days. South African Airlines will only fly to Johannesburg and Cape Town. Ethiopian has cancelled most of their connections.

Many airlines are now offering their passenger planes for cargo-only service to alleviate the capacity crunch, including Delta, American Airlines, United Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Air Canada, British Airways, Lufthansa, Qantas, Norwegian Air, Cathay Pacific, LATAM Airlines, Korean Air, Singapore Airlines, and Hong Kong Airlines.  While much of the activity is in trans-Atlantic trade lane, some airlines are also dispatching cargo-only flights between North America and South America and Australia, and between Europe and Asia. Some carriers are putting cargo in the passenger compartment, secured by netting and other restraints, to maximize efficiency. A few airlines are offering multi-party, less-than-full aircraft charters. The capacity shortage is so acute that the Airfreight Forwarders Association is urging airlines to consider scheduling freight-only flight operations – not just ad hoc charters – to ensure an adequate supply of affordable air transport for cargo owners.

1.2 Ocean Freight

Ocean freight shipments are also facing delays, and, as a result, all quotes/bookings are subject to space and availability.  Asia-Europe and transpacific ocean carriers are announcing another wave of blank sailings as the Coronavirus lockdowns shift from China to Europe and the U.S., dramatically curtailing consumer demand.   Maersk, MSC, and Hapag-Lloyd have suggested more blank sailings could be on the way if there is further reduction in demand.

U.S.:  Cargo handling continues at all U.S. ports and operations have not been interrupted.  Volumes are expected to remain soft throughout the remainder of March as production ramps up in China.  Port users are encouraged to check the websites of terminals to any changes in hours of operation.  The Port of Houston has reopened.  LA  and Long Beach terminals have adjusted hours to disinfect between shifts, and gate operations will be idle from 4:45 pm to 7 pm until further notice.

Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal has issued draft restrictions for neo-panamaxes based on the present and predicted levels of Gatun Lake.  Effective March 30, the maximum authorized draft to vessels transiting the neo-panamax locks would be 45.5 feet Tropical Fresh Water (TWF).  A second draft restriction, effective April 17, will reduce the draft to 44.5 feet TFW).  Vessels with drafts over the restricted TFW will be required to trim or off-load cargo in order to transit the canal.  The Panama Canal Authority will continue to monitor the level of Gatun Lake in order to announce future draft adjustments.

Europe:  Ports are operating despite difficult conditions.  Trieste Port in Italy has announced that all operations and logistics “operate as normal with no limitations”.

Asia:  Bangladesh:  All airports are closed, and no goods are moving in or out the the country.  India:  Many ports have declared force majuere and vessels have been turned away.  No goods are moving in or out of the country.

Australia:  Maritime Safety Queensland has banned all commercial ships from entering ports in Queensland if the ship or any person onboard has been in any country other than Australia within the last 14 days. Southern ports have banned ships from the ports of Albany, Bunbury, and Esperance until 14 days have elapsed from the last port of call.

MSC has announced rotation changes to improve coverage of U.S. East Coast -South American trade.  The service’s enhanced itinerary will add additional calls to New York, Norfolk, Baltimore, Charleston, Savannah, Port Everglades, Caucedo, Santos, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Rio Grande, Navegantes, Santos, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Suape, Caucedo, Freeport (Bah), New York.  The ports of Philadelphia, Paranagua, Brazil and Cristobal, Panama will be added to the service.  MSC will drop service to Port Everglades and Freeport, Bahamas, and Caucedo in the Dominican Republic will be cancelled.

The pandemic has spawned a worldwide box-repositioning challenge due to the enormous number of blanked sailings.  Normally, containerships bring loaded containers on headhaul runs, boxes are emptied and then used for backhaul runs.  The blanked sailings slashed the number of boxes arriving on headhaul routes and impaired the ability to return the empties.  A shortfall of shipping containers means cargo can’t move.

1.3 Trucking

U.S.: DAT reports that ‘Urgent restocking’ continues to boost truckload spot rates and loads.

China: While most of the trucking services have recovered, with the exception of Hubei Province, trucking capacity is less than adequate, and we are seeing trucking costs increase.  This trend is expected to to continue until operations return to normal.

Europe: Cross-border traffic between the EU member states is facing disruptions and slowdowns due to increased border control, sanitary measures and special arrangements (closure of certain border posts, detours, and driver shortages.

India:  Movement of all commercial vehicles has been restricted.

1.4 Rail

Capacity is getting tight between Europe and China.  Shippers are advised to book early.  Possible delays on pre and post carriage by domestic trucking at European borders.

Austria:  There are currently no rail connections to Italy, France, Spain, and Switzerland.

1.5 Intermodal

Europe: Sea-air services have been suspended or are charging outrageous rates as airlines continue to cancel flights.

1.6 Customs

Europe:  Possible delays of customs declarations due to health and travel restrictions.

India:  Customs has been shut down.

1.7 Bans on Exporting Personal Protective Equipment and Medical Supplies

The European Commission has announced prior authorization for any export operation of medical protective equipment.

Egypt has banned the export of masks and all types of alcohol sterilizers for 3 months in a bid to avoid a shortage of medical equipment.

India has ordered a ban on the export of surgical face masks, the textile material that goes into making the masks, and ventilators and respirators.

Malaysia has banned exports of face masks, effective March 18.

The UK bans parallel exports of 80 crucial medicines, including adrenaline, insulin, paracetamol and morphine to protect supplies.

Turkey has banned exports of face masks.

2. UNITED STATES

The number of Coronavirus cases in the U.S. has now surpassed that of any other country, and experts say it’s still just beginning. President Trump told governors on March 26 that he was preparing to issue new social distancing guidelines based on geographic risk factors.  The White House is recommending that people don’t gather in groups of more than 10 people and social distancing (staying at least 6 feet away from others) is encouraged.  American citizens are urged to avoid eating or drinking at bars and restaurants.  Schools in at least 31 states have been closed.  Travel has been restricted to all European Union countries.  President Trump has signed a bill which requires many employers to provide paid sick leave and expands FMLA for many employees.  The law goes into effect on ~April 2, 2020.  A link to the bill can be found here.

People who have recently left New York City are advised to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Travel Restrictions:  Effective March 21 through April 20, the U.S. is prohibiting non-essential travel from Canada and Mexico at land ports of entry. U.S. Customs and Border Protection states that those exempt from this restriction include individuals engaged in lawful cross-border trade (e.g., truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the U.S. and Canada or Mexico).  The State Department has issued a Level 4: Do Not Travel Advisory, and urged American citizens “in countries where commercial departure options remain available… to arrange for immediate return to the U.S., unless they are prepared to remain abroad for an indefinite period.”

President Trump has invoked the Defense Production Act, which would allow the administration to force American industry to manufacture medical supplies that are in short supply in the fight against the Coronavirus pandemic.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announced  the income tax filing date has been pushed back from April 15, to July 15.

2.1 NEW ENGLAND

Massachusetts

Gov. Charlie Baker has issued a statewide stay-at-home order, beginning March 24.  Residents can leave their homes for medical care, to shop for groceries, to go to work if their employer is permitted to stay open and to exercise with proper social-distancing. All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Restaurants and bars can still offer take-out or delivery services. Schools across the state have closed through April 6.  All elective surgeries have been cancelled and nursing homes have been directed to restrict visitor access.  Public transportation is reducing service to slow the spread of the virus.

Maine

Gov. Janet Mills has mandated that all non-essential businesses close their physical locations, effective March 25.  Residents that can work from home should do so.  All non-essential large indoor gatherings of 10 people or more and dine-in service at bars and restaurants has been prohibited.

New Hampshire

Gov. Chris Sununu has declared a state of emergency and issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 27.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close. Residents that can work from home should do so.   Restaurants must switch to take-out, delivery or drive-thru service only.  Schools have closed, and the state has implemented a ban on visiting senior citizens in nursing homes and assisted living facilities. All state beaches are closed, effective March 27. All non-essential out-of-state travel by state and local government officials, public school teachers, and students has been eliminated.  All legislative activities have been suspended.  The governor has also banned landlords from starting eviction procedures and barred utilities from disconnecting service for non-payment.  Unemployment benefits have been expanded to include eligibility for residents who lose work due to COVID-19, for people who are under quarantine or caring for a family member under quarantine, and for people whose employment is interrupted due to the statewide school closure.

Vermont

Gov. Phil Scott has declared a state of emergency and issued a statewide stay at home order, effective March 25.  All non-essential business have been ordered to close.   People who can work from home are advised to do so. Vermonters are being asked to stay in their homes or residences, but may leave for essential reasons, such as groceries, medical appointments, and care of others.  Bars and restaurants have been ordered to stop offering dine-in service through April 6.  The largest electric utilities will stop disconnections through the end of April.  Schools in the state will close on March 18.

Rhode Island

Gov. Gina Raimondo has declared a state of emergency and announced a ban on all gatherings of 25 people or more.  All passengers returning to T.F. Green Airport will be asked to self-quarantine for 14 days.  All recreational and entertainment businesses have been ordered to close.  Residents who commute to other states, like Massachusetts, are urged to work from home, if possible.   The governor warned if residents do not follow social distancing guidelines, she would consider implementing a state-wide shelter-in-place order.  All schools will be closed until the April spring break, and day care centers in the state will close for the week.  All nursing homes in the state have banned visitors to protect the elderly who are already in a weakened state of health.

Connecticut

Gov. Ned Lamont announced a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 23. Non-essential business have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Restaurants and bars are required to close, except for takeout or delivery orders.  All casinos, gyms and movie theaters have been completely shut down.

Alaska

Alaska has issued 6-foot public social distancing guideline. Businesses that can’t abide by the guideline are required to close on March 24.  Recreational public gatherings of more than 10 people are banned until further notice.

California

Gov. Gavin Newsom ordered the state’s 40 million residents to stay at home, restricting non-essential movements.  Bars, wineries, nightclubs and brewpubs are closed.  People 65 and older and those with chronic health conditions must isolate at home.  People are required to work from home, unless they provide essential services to public safety, sanitation, and medical services.  In some parts of the state, infection rates are doubling every four days in, and the governor issued a dire prediction that 56% of California’s population could contract the virus over the next eight weeks.

Colorado

Gov. Jared Polis has issued a statewide stay at  home order, with exemptions for certain essential workers and businesses. All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  All  restaurants and bars to suspend dine-in service and move to takeout or delivery options.  The orders allow citizens to leave their homes for “essential” reasons like grocery shopping, pharmacy pick-ups or trips to restaurants for takeout only. They also permit people to assist others in obtaining supplies, as well to walk their dogs and be in nature — as long as they keep six feet between themselves and others.

Delaware

Gov. John Carney ordered residents statewide to stay at home and closed non-essential businesses in the state starting March 24.m.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents can leave their homes for medical care, to shop for groceries, to go to work if their employer is permitted to stay open and to exercise with proper social-distancing.

Florida

Gov. Ron DeSantis signed an executive order which forces anyone who travels from New York,  New Jersey, and Connecticut to Florida to self-isolate for two weeks immediately after they land in the state.  Broward leaders have ordered all non-essential businesses in the county to close starting March 23.

Georgia

Athens-Clarke County and Atlanta are under a shelter-in-place order. Georgia also  issued orders for the “medically fragile” to shelter in place.

Hawaii

Gov. David Ige issued a statewide “stay at home” order , effective March 25. Exceptions to the order are being made for essential services, medical care and grocery shopping.  All travelers will be quarantined for 14 days upon arrival in Hawaii.

Idaho

Gov. Brad Little issued a statewide stay home order, effective March 25.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  Residents will still be able to leave their homes to access necessary services, and essential businesses will remain open.

Illinois

Gov. J.B. Pritzker issued a statewide stay-at-home order.  Residents are able to go out for essentials, including groceries and medicine.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close, and all people who can work from home must do so. All schools are closed.

Indiana

Gov. Eric Holcomb issued a statewide stay-at-home order, beginning March 25.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.   People must remain home except for essential work duties or for permitted activities such as taking care of others, obtaining necessary supplies, and for health and safety

Kansas

The Kansas Department of Health and Environment has ordered 14-day quarantines for Kansans who traveled to California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Washington.

Kentucky

Gov. Andy Beshear ordered non-essential businesses to close.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.

Louisiana

Gov. John Bel Edwards imposed a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 23.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.    People who can work from home are advised to do so. Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.

Maryland

All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close   People who can work from home are advised to do so.

Michigan

Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has issued a statewide stay-at-home order.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.   People who can work from home are advised to do so. Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.

Minnesota

Gov. Tim Walz has issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 25.  Residents are asked to limit their movements to essential services.

Missouri

St. Louis County and Kansas City have issued stay-at-home orders.

Nevada

All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.

New Jersey

Gov. Phil Murphy issued a statewide stay-at-home order.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.   People who can work from home are advised to do so. Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.   Restaurants and bars are required to close, except for takeout or delivery orders.   All casinos, gyms and movie theaters have been completely shut down.

New Mexico

Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced  a statewide stay-at-home instruction.  All New Mexicans are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.  The governor also declared that all businesses except those deemed essential to public health, safety and well-being will be ordered closed. People who can work from home are advised to do so.

New York 

Gov. Andrew Cuomo ordered a statewide “pause”.  Residents are urged to remain in their homes except for essentials, including groceries and medicine, to limit the spread of the Coronavirus. Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.   People who can work from home are advised to do so. People who have recently left New York City are advised to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Ohio

Gov. Mike DeWine announced a statewide stay-at-home mandate, effective March 24.  The order allows exceptions, such as going to the grocery store, restaurant carryout, going to a park (but not use playground equipment), taking care of neighbors or family members, weddings, and funerals.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.

Oregon

Gov. Kate Brown issued a statewide stay-at-home order, except for essential needs.  The order, effective immediately, prohibits all non-essential social and recreational gatherings, regardless of size, according to her office.  The order closes retail businesses in which close personal contact is difficult to avoid, such as barbershops, arcades, gyms and theaters. Businesses that are not closed by the order must implement social distancing policies in order to remain open.  Failure to follow the new order could be punished as a misdemeanor. “If businesses are not complying with this order, we will shut them down,” Brown said.

Pennsylvania

All non-life saving businesses” have been ordered to close. People who can work from home are advised to do so. Philadelphia has ordered its residents to stay home, and exempts activities like buying groceries and medicine, seeking medical care, and exercising.

Puerto Rico

All retail establishments and non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  A curfew has been implemented between 9 pm and 5 am.

Virginia

All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close. People who can work from home are advised to do so.

Texas

The following cities and counties have issued stay-at-home orders: Austin, Bell County, Bexar Country, Brazos County, Collin County, El Paso, Fort Worth, Harris County, Houston, McLennan County, San Antonio, Tarrant County, and Waco.

Washington

Gov. Jay Inslee issued a statewide “Stay Home, Stay Healthy” order on March 23, requiring Washington residents to stay at home for the next two weeks.  Exceptions are made for critical jobs and grocery shopping.  The order includes a ban on all gatherings and the closure of non-essential businesses.

West Virginia

Gov. Jim Justice declared a statewide stay-home order, effective March 24. Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.   People who can work from home are advised to do so. Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.

Wisconsin

Gov. Tony Evers issued a statewide “Safer at Home” order, effective March 25. All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who  can work from home are advised to do so. The order allows Wisconsin residents to leave the house for essential tasks such as visiting the doctor, caring for family members in another household or getting groceries, but people should stay at home as much as possible.

3. AMERICAS

Argentina

The Argentina government has declared a national health emergency, and the government has imposed a total quarantine.  Many businesses are working from home.  All domestic flights are suspended.  Air Freight:  Capacity will be constrained, and in some cases unavailable.

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro has declared a state of emergency.  Shopping centers have been ordered to close and restrictions have been placed on bars and restaurants.  Schools are gradually closing.  Low cost carriers have suspended all international flights between March 23 and June 30.  All ports are open and operational.

Canada

Ontario and Quebec have ordered all non-essential businesses to close. Borders are closed to anyone who is not a citizen, permanent resident, or an American citizens.  On Mach 18, the U.S. and Canada agreed to close their shared border to non-essential travel, but will allow goods to continue to flow between the two countries.  Anyone arriving in Canada must undergo a 14-day self-isolation period upon arrival, with the exception of workers who are essential to the movement of goods and people..  Canadian citizens not currently in Canada are advised to return to Canada immediately.  Overseas flights have been restricted to just four airports in Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, and Vancouver.  All passengers must be screened for symptoms of the virus prior to boarding.

Columbia

A curfew has been imposed until April 13 and the country is in quarantine.  Ports and Airports remain operational.

Costa Rica

All international flights have been suspended.

Dominican Republic

All flights from Europe have been suspended.

Guatemala

The country is in lockdown.  Restricted movement for basic needs.

Honduras

A stay at home order has been issued.  All borders have been closed.

Mexico

The country has been quarantined.  Many businesses are working from home.   All schools are closed.

Panama

Vessels are required to report if crew changes occurred within 14 days of arrival at ports for COVID-19 cases.  Vessels are required to report conditions onboard.  Ships will be quarantined if any there are any confirmed or suspected cases onboard.

Peru

The Peruvian government has declared a state of emergency, and the country is in lockdown.  Residents are only allowed out for essentials, such as shopping and doctors visits.  All international flights have been halted.  Customs is working with a skeleton staff and will prioritize essential shipments of food and healthcare.

4. EUROPE

The European Commission has closed the European Union’s external borders to all non-essential travel for non-citizens.  Business travelers are required to provide proof of employment in order to cross the border.  Transport of goods is not restricted, but cross-border traffic is facing severe delays due to long lines for customs checks.

The EU announced export controls on shipments of personal protective equipment as countries attempt to maintain their supplies amid the outbreak.

4.1 WESTERN EUROPE

Belgium

Schools, restaurants, and bars are closed.  Gatherings in general are banned.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Shops are only open for limited hours.  Public transport has also been limited.  Health screenings are likely upon arrival.

France

A national lockdown has been declared.  Restrictions on non-essential movement (grocery shopping, medical care and work movement only).  Large gatherings are restricted, and most people are working from home.  Restaurants and bars are closed.  Shops are likely to be open during limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities have been prohibited.  Public transportation is limited.   Domestic Trucking:  Schengen area borders have been closed for 30 days.  After considerable disruption on the road, the French government issued new measures to facilitate freight transport which include guarantees for access to truckers and logistics workers.

Ireland

The Foreign Office has advised Irish nationals against all non-essential travel for 30 days.  Self-quarantine measures for 14 days have been put in place for anyone entering the country.  Large gatherings are restricted.  Restaurants and bars are closed, and shops are open limited hours.   Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport limited.  Ocean Freight: The ferry company Seatruck Ferries has temporarily stopped transporting HGV drivers or any other passengers in their Irish Sea vessels. Accompanied road transport (complete truck combinations with driver) is stopped until further notice, but the company will continue carrying unaccompanied semi-trailers, containers and swap bodies. Domestic Trucking:  Truckers’ working hours have been increased to keep supply chains moving.

The Netherlands

Schools, restaurants, and bars are closed.  Gatherings in general are banned.  Businesses are limiting the number of staff in the office and employees are encouraged to work from home, where possible.  Shops are only open for limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Health screenings are likely upon arrival.  Public transport has also been limited.  The situation is expected to last until at least April 6.  Domestic Trucking:  Drivers are encouraged to use PPE when loading and unloading trucks.

Portugal

Land border restrictions with Spain.  Flights from outside the EU have been suspended (not including UK, U.S., Canada, Portuguese speaking countries, Venezuela, and South Africa).  All travelers will be self-quarantined for 14 days.  Restrictions on non-essential movement are likely to be imposed.  Domestic Trucking: Only major borders are open for international freight transport, including Quintanilha, Tui, Vilar Formoso, Elvas, Castro Marim, Vila Verde de Raia (Chaves), Monfortinho (Castelo Branco), Marvão (Portalegre) and Vila Verde de Ficalho (Beja).

Scotland

All schools are closed.

Spain

Spanish authorities have declared a national lockdown.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Measures to limit the movement of people have been put in place – travel has been reduced to only what is strictly necessary.  Hotels and short-stay accommodations must close by March 24.  Air Freight:  Some flights are suspended.

UK

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has issued a stay at home order.  Under the measures, people will only be allowed to leave home for a few very limited purposes, including shopping for basic necessities “as infrequently as possible,” one form of exercise a day done alone or with household members, medical reasons or traveling to work that cannot be done from home or that is absolutely necessary.  All shops selling non-essential goods, including clothing and electronic stores and other premises, including libraries, playgrounds and outdoor gyms, and places of worship are closed immediately.  Social events, including weddings, baptisms and other ceremonies, will also be stopped. Funerals are exempt. Parks will also remain open for exercise, but any gatherings will be broken up. The Foreign Office has advised UK nationals against all non-essential travel for 30 days. Domestic Trucking:  Truckers’ working hours have been increased to keep supply chains moving.

4.2 CENTRAL EUROPE

Austria

No direct flights between Austria and the UK.  Ski resorts are closed, and restaurants and shops are only open at limited hours.  Air Freight:  No direct air connections from Austria to Italy, France, Spain or Switzerland.  Rail: No connections to Italy, France, Spain or Switzerland.

Croatia

Foreign nationals will be put in self-quarantine for 14 days.  Borders are closed.  Travelers may be asked for proof of accommodation.  Domestic Trucking:  Special restrictions apply to truckers from Italy, China, South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Bahrein, Iran, Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Austria, UK, the Netherlands, Sweden and Slovenia, except for drivers in transit, will be put in a compulsory 14-day quarantine.

Czech Republic

Borders are closed to foreign travelers, but open to cargo shipments.  Residents are only allowed outside from 10:00 – 12:00 if they wear face masks.  Only people over 65 are allowed to go grocery shopping.   Air Freight:  The majority of passenger air flights have been grounded.  Cargo shipments remain possible, but with very limited connections.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are open and carriers are making calls.  Domestic Trucking:  Trucks are operating normally, but with expected slowdown due to strict border controls.

Germany

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Citizens who have traveled Italy, Switzerland, or Austria 14 days before arrival in the country are required to self-quarantine for 14 days.  Restrictions on non-essential movement – all outdoor activities, except for essentials like grocery shopping and doctor’s visits, are prohibited.  Domestic Trucking:  Weekend traffic bans for truck drivers has been lifted.

Hungary

Land borders have been closed to all non-citizens.  Hungary has temporarily reopened its borders to truckers.

Poland

The Prime Minister has declared a state of emergency.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Anyone entering the country will be quarantined for 14 days, with the exception of truck drivers.

Slovakia

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.

Slovenia

All flights have been suspended.

Sri Lanka

The country has been closed and many businesses are working from home.  Ban on entry to UK travelers.  Air Freight:  All flights have been suspended.

Switzerland

Land borders have been closed to all non-citizens.   Restrictions on non-essential movement. Bars and restaurants are closed.  Shops are open limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Air Freight:  Some flights have been suspended.

4.3 NORTHERN EUROPE

Denmark

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Air Freight:  Main airlines have either closed down or reduced the number of flights.  Movement of cargo in and out of Denmark has been drastically reduced.  Domestic Trucking: international freight transport (including transit) by road should be operated through the
following border crossing points: Frøslev, Sæd or Kruså. Kruså border crossing point is not accessible for vehicles above 3.5 tonnes. It is recommended for trucks to use Frøslev (E45) border crossing point. Border crossing at Padborg, as well as other smaller border crossings, are closed.

Estonia

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.

Finland

Self-quarantine for 14 days for anyone entering the country.  Borders are closed for non-essential travel, and travelers may be asked for proof of accommodation.  Some restrictions have been placed on movement.  Fully operational on all fronts (sea, land, and air).  Many people are working from home.  Domestic Trucking:  Entry at eastern border crossing points will be restricted to certain hours.

Iceland

Large gatherings are prohibited.  Restaurants and bars have been closed.  Shops are open for limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport is limited.

Latvia

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.

Lithuania

The Lithuanian government has announced a two-week nationwide quarantine.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Freight Transport:  The number of border crossing points to enter Lithuania have been reduced to the following: Kalvarijos–Budzisko, Saločių–Grenstalės, Būtingės–Rucavos, Smėlynės–Medumės, Medininkų–Kamenyj Logo, Raigardo–Privalkos, Kybartų–Černyševskojės, Panemunės–Sovetsko, Kenos–Gudagojo, Šalčininkų–Benekainių, Mockavos-Trakiškių, Lazdijų–Ogrodnikų, Vilnius, Kaunas, Palanga, Šiauliai international airports, Vilnius railway station and Stasylai railway border crossing points and Klaipeda seaport.
Border crossing for commercial & international freight transport is additionally carried out through Stasylai-Benekainiai railway border crossing point and Pagėgiai-Sovetsk railway border crossing point.

Norway

The government of Norway has announced the closure of airports and ports to foreign travelers.  Anyone entering the country from countries other than Sweden and Finland will be placed in 14-day quarantine.

Sweden

All Scandinavian Airlines flights have been suspended.

4.4 SOUTHERN EUROPE

Greece

Borders with Albania and North Macedonia are closed.  Travelers entering the country will be self-quarantined for 14 days for anyone, with the exception of  truck drivers operating international freight transport.  Large gatherings are restricted.  Restaurants and bars are closed, and shops are open limited hours.   Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport limited.

Italy

Borders have been closed, but are open for the movement of goods.  Travel within Italy is restricted for working and medical purposes only.  Public and private gatherings are forbidden.  Manufacturing and production are up and running, as long as employees follow social distancing protocols.  Air Freight:  Milan-Linate Airport has been closed since March 13.  Ocean Freight:  Shipping lines are operating despite difficult conditions, including lack of equipment (esp. reefers), blank sailings and rollovers.

Malta

All foreign travelers have been advised to leave as soon as possible.  Persons entering the country must spend 14 days in mandatory quarantine.  Domestic Trucking:  The quarantine is also obligatory for drivers arriving with their trucks in Malta. In order to avoid quarantine, transport companies should ship the trailer / container unaccompanied.

5. AUSTRALIA

Australia

All borders will be closed on March 20 for at least six months.  Large gatherings restricted.  Pubs, cinemas and clubs have been ordered to close.  All non-essential domestic travels has been banned.   The Prime Minister announced a self-isolation requirement for all international arrivals to Australia.  Maritime Safety Queensland has banned all commercial ships from entering ports in Queensland if the ship or any person onboard has been in any country other than Australia within the last 14 days.  Southern ports have banned ships from the ports of Albany, Bunbury, and Esperance until 14 days have elapsed from the last port of call.

New Zealand

Full lockdown goes into effect on March 25.  All non-essential businesses will be closed.

6. ASIA

Bangladesh

Bangladesh imposed total lockdown until April 14, 2020. Mass market restrictions and closures have been enforced, including Customs, airports, airlines, ports, shipping lines, ICDs, manufacturers and business offices.  Water, rail, and air travel has been suspended and public transport on road is banned. Trucks, covered vans and vehicles carrying medicine, fuel and perishable items will remain out of the purview of the lockdown.  The Bangladesh Railway Authority has also suspended all local, commuter and mail train services across the country until further notice.

China

The COVID-19 situation in China remains stable, and offices, except in Wuhan, are operating as usual.  Factory production has not yet returned to normal output.   Air Freight:  While airports are up and running, except for Wuhan airport, many airlines have suspended passenger flights to/from China.  Freighter carriers have also significantly reduced the number of flights, resulting in dramatically reduced capacity and air rate hikes.  Ocean Freight:  While Chinese ports, except in Hubei, are operational, blank sailings continue and capacity is limited.  The ports in Hubei are slowly recovering, but are facing a lack of workers.  Domestic Trucking:  While most of the trucking services have recovered, with the exception of Hubei Province, trucking capacity is less than adequate, and we are seeing trucking costs increase.  This trend is expected to to continue until operations return to normal. Land borders with Kyrgystan are closed, with no compulsory quarantine requirements for non-Chinese truckers, but business operations have been severely affected.  Only Chinese citizens are allowed to cross the border with Tajikistan.

India

The entire country is under complete lockdown until April 14, 2020.  All factories are closed.  Physical movement is not allowed, and a curfew has been imposed.  The lockdown has paralyzed virtually all commerce in the country.  While cargo movement is supposed to be exempt from the lockdown restrictions, we have received widespread reports of supply chain disruption across all modes of transports – air, ocean, and land.  Air Freight:  Airport operations are significantly impacted, with freighter movements impeded due to manpower restrictions.  There are numerous reports of cargo being abandoned amid the “chaos”, and the airports are reporting that their facilities are so “choked”, they can’t even offload boxes from the aircraft.  Many airlines have cancelled even their freighter operations into India due to the acute short-staffing, and there is absolutely no cargo movement.  Ocean Freight:  The 14-day quarantine on ships calling at India ports is also causing delays and added costs, and many carriers have announced port congestion surcharges. While India’s federal government has issued an order declaring the transportation of goods by water – including loading and unloading – an essential service, it has also permitted port authorities to declare force majeure. As port workers are restricted from venturing out of their homes, close to half a dozen ports including Krishnapatnam, Dhamra, Mundra, Tuna, Gopalpur, Karaikal and Gangavaram have declared force majeure, and are currently turning away vessels.  Domestic Trucking: There is no movement of commercial vehicles.  Despite the government’s assurances, thousands of trucks carrying food and cooking gas, among other goods and commodities, are reportedly stuck at sealed-off state borders.  The Indian Foundation of Transport Research and Training (IFTRT) has estimated that some 500,000 drivers have been left stranded or have been prevented from crossing state-borders, with police reportedly detaining drivers amid confusion over what is considered an “essential” service.  Drivers are not willing to risk carrying general cargo shipments to and from airports, and even after clearance, may are not willing to take cargo for delivery to urban areas.  Additionally, hundreds of thousands of drivers have fled back to their villages to escape the virus, and drivers still on the roads are struggling to find food and supplies as most restaurants and businesses are closed.  Customs:  Import cargo is not being cleared due to the non-availably of customs authorities and is being abandoned in the airports.

Japan

Ban on travelers who have been in China, Iran or Italy 14 days prior to arrival.

Malaysia

A Movement of Control  Order has been issued for the entire nation, with the exception of essential services, including cargo transportation.  Land borders have been closed with the exception of the transport of essential cargo.   Air Freight:  All international airports are functioning normally.  Ocean Freight:  Seaports are operating normally.  Domestic Trucking:  Non-essential cargo from Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia is banned.

Philippines

The Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Disease announced a Community Quarantine wherein domestic travel to/From Metro is suspended.  Offices are closed and many people are working from home. Domestic cargo shipments are exempted from the restrictions.  Executive Government offices will have skeletal work schedule.  Private companies are encouraged to implement flexible work arrangements.  Public transportation has been completely shut down.  Air Freight:  Limited flights from March 20 – April 13.

Russian Federation

All foreigners are banned from entering the country until further notice, with the exception of cargo carriers.  Air Freight:  Main airports in Moscow are open, but with diminished service.  Ocean Freight:  All ports are operating, but capacity is tight and the port have reported a lack of line equipment.   Domestic Trucking:  There is no guarantee on transit times and rates have increased.

Singapore

Bars, cinemas and all other entertainment outlets will be closed, effective March 26.  Schools and religious services have beene suspended.  All Singapore residents returning from the UK and the U.S. will be under 14-day quarantine.

South Korea

Korea is on RED alert due the rapid spread of the virus.  All ports and airport are operational.  Air Freight:  While airports are operational, many airlines have suspended operations to and from the country.  As such, space is very tight, with a serious space backlog as flights to China has also been cancelled.  Ocean Freight:   Many shipping lines have blanked sailings.

Thailand

Travelers who have recently been in affected countries require a health certificate and must self-monitor for 14 days.  Songkran celebrations postponed.  Large gatherings are likely to be cancelled or postponed.  Most offices have implemented alternate working teams.  Air Freight:  Many flights have been cancelled and air shipments are in crisis. Ocean Freight:  Shipping lines are still operating, but working hours are limited.  Domestic Trucking:  Land transportation is operating as usual.

Vietnam

Entry for all foreign nationals has been suspended. 1 4-day quarantine for all travelers entering the country.  Air Freight:  Some flights have been suspended, capacity is tight, and rates have increased.  Ocean Freight:  No significant impacts reports.  Carriers have announced blanked sailings.

7. MIDDLE EAST

Bangladesh

Restricted entry for travelers from Italy, South Korea, Japan, and Kuwait; travelers from these regions must have recent medical certificates proving they have not been infected.  Air Freight:  Many passenger flights have been suspended, and capacity is tight.  Rates are increasing and transit delays are anticipated.  Ocean Freight:  Operating normally.

Iran

Internal travel has been banned.  Security forces will stop people from traveling between cities.  Regulations will be tightended if people do not obey these regulations, warned President Hassan Rouhani.

Israel

The country is in lockdown.  Residents are only allowed to go out for work and basic food shopping, and are only allowed within 100 m (330 ft) of the homes. Public transportation has been reduced to a quarter of its usual capacity. Most people are working from home.  Air Freight:  The airports are open, but most of the carriers have cancelled flights.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are open and functional.

Jordan

All passenger flights have been suspended.   The country is in lockdown.  Restrictions on non-essential movement.  Land borders remain open.  Air Freight:  Capacity is tight as many airlines/freight services have suspended service.  Ocean Freight:  Port of Aqaba remains operational but delays are anticipated.    Customs:  Customs is operating at minimum capacity and clearance delays continue.

Kuwait

Ban on all international travelers.  All passenger flights have been suspended.  Non-essential businesses have been closed.  Restrictions on non-essential movement.  Air Freight:  Freighter flights are still operating.  Airports and ground handling facilities are operating, but with reduced working hours    Ocean Freight:  Feeder vessels are operating normally, with the exception of Iranian barges which do not have permission to enter the country.  Customs:   Customs authorities are working curtailed hours.

Lebanon

Lockdown until March 29.  All businesses are closed and residents have been asked to stay home.  Air Freight:  The airport has been closed and all flights have been suspended, including cargo.   Ocean Freight:  Operations are slow due to the pandemic.  Operations related to oil and gas are severely impacted due to worker shortages.

Qatar

Entry into the State of Qatar is restricted to Qatari nationals only.  Inbound passenger flights have been suspended.  Freighters and transit flights via Doha are exempted.  Qatar Airlines has reduced flights by 75%.  Air Freight:  Capacity is tight and deliveries will be impacted.  Ocean Freight:  While there has been a severe impact on FCL shipments from North America, the Far East and Northern Europe, there has been no impact to export shipments.  Rates are increasing on a weekly basis.  Major Reefer Equipment shortage from France and northern European ports.  Customs:   Delays have been reported at Hamad International Airport due to additional screening procedures.

Pakistan

The country is on full lockdown.  Many businesses are working from home.

Saudi Arabia

A 21-day curfew has been imposed.  All movement in and out of the cities of Riyadh, Mecca, Medina, and Qatif have been suspended.  Air Freight:  All international passenger flights to KSA have been suspended.  Current air shipments in transit are likely to endure delays.  Freighter services are limited and spot rates are at a premium  Ocean Freight:   Shipping lines are increasing general rates and imposing equipment imbalance surcharges and PSS.  Customs:  We are expecting delays in import and export clearance and local delivery due to reduced capacity of customs official at the ports of Dammam, Jeddah, and Riyadh.

Turkey

The Turkish government has closed land borders with Greece and Bulgaria and has banned flights to and from 68 countries, including the European Union ,Canada, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Guatemala, India, the Philippines, South Korea, and Taiwan.  Domestic Trucking:  Over the last few days, huge queues of trucks have been formed at the Bulgaria-Turkish border of Kapitan Andre.evo

UAE

Government authorities have announced all passenger flights will be suspended on March 25 for two weeks.  Cargo shipments are excluded from the ban.  Air Freight:  The ban will result in a huge reduction in capacity in this region.  All contractual rates have been withdrawn and carriers are charging unpredictably high spot rates to all destinations.  Ocean Freight:  Major shipping lines continue to operate, although blank sailings have been reported.  Rates have been impacted as GRI/equipment imbalance surcharges have been imposed on certain trade lanes.  Shipping lines are only working on spot or FAK rates.  Domestic Trucking:  All land borders from UAE remain open from UAE to Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, but shippers should expect delays through customs.  Drivers are being screened at all border crossings.  Customs:  Customs and relevant authorities are working  normal hours to support cargo movement.

8.  AFRICA

Cameroon

All borders (land, sea, and air) have been closed, except for transport of essential goods and cargo.  Gatherings of more than 50 are prohibited.  Schools are closed.

Egypt

Prime Minister Mustafa Madbouly announced a the ban on the movement of citizens on all public roads from 7 p.m. to 6 a.m. starting, effective March 25.  All public and private transportation has been suspended.  Air traffic in the country has also been suspended.  All shops, except groceries and bakeries, will be closed from 5 p.m. until 6 a.m., with full closure on March 27/28.  All government services are suspended, except for health offices.

Kenya

All international flights have been cancelled.

Morocco

A Sanitary Emergency has been declared and the country is in lockdown.  Ports and airports are open and accepting cargo.

South Africa

A country wide lockdown goes into effect March 26.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.   All ports and airports are open and functional.  Delays should be expected.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are still operations with reduced berths.

Tunisia

A stay at home order is in effect.  Business are operating remotely.  All ports and airports remain open and functional.