Last Updated:  May 18, 2020

As lockdown restrictions ease, some of the world’s most populous countries have reported worrisome new peaks in infection, including India, Russia, Germany, the United Kingdom, U.S., and Afghanistan.  China, which has seen a surge in visitors to newly reopened tourist spots, has also reported new cases, all of which were imported.  In the U.S., growing frustrations with the stay-at-home orders has sparked a wave of protests across the county, with unmasked crowds demanding a reboot of the economy and an end to the stay-at-home orders.

Table of Contents

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1. Global Logistics
2. United States
3. Americas
4. Europe
5. Asia
6. Australia & New Zealand
7. Middle East
8. Africa

1. GLOBAL LOGISTICS

1.1 Air Freight

The LOADSTAR reported that airfreight rates are finally stabilizing as more capacity comes into the market, after weeks of rising at unprecedented levels.  Supply and demand in the air fright sector continues to fluctuate wildly.  Air cargo capacity is expected to be drastically reduced over the coming weeks as airlines adjust operations and reduce as the pandemic worsens.  We are seeing extremely high cargo rates all over due to high demand and little space.  We have received reports of shippers being quoted rates, and if  they wait more than an hour to book, it’s gone.

Cargo-only Flights

Many airlines are now offering their passenger planes for cargo-only service to alleviate the capacity crunch, including Delta, American Airlines, United Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Southwest Airlines, Air Canada, British Airways, Lufthansa, Qantas, Norwegian Air, Cathay Pacific, LATAM Airlines, Korean Air, Singapore Airlines, and Hong Kong Airlines.  While much of the activity is in trans-Atlantic trade lane, some airlines are also dispatching cargo-only flights between North America and South America and Australia, and between Europe and Asia.  Some carriers are putting cargo in the passenger compartment, secured by netting and other restraints, to maximize efficiency.  A few airlines are now offering multi-party, less-than-full aircraft charters. The capacity shortage is so acute that the Airfreight Forwarders Association is urging airlines to consider scheduling freight-only flight operations – not just ad hoc charters – to ensure an adequate supply of affordable air transport for cargo owners.

Delta announced new daily cargo-only flights from Shanghai-to-Los Angeles and Shanghai-to-Atlanta via Seoul.  United announced plans to operate more than 1,100 dedicated cargo flights in May; the new service will operate between its six U.S. hubs and 18 airports worldwide – from major cities in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and the Caribbean.  American will provide an additional 140 weekly cargo-only flights to 15 cities in Asia-Pacific, Europe and the Caribbean.  Air Canada is increasing the number of scheduled cargo-only flights and will now include service to Auckland, Brussels, Seoul, Sidney and Zurich.

Updates by Region

U.S.:  Delta Airlines will be cutting its network by 70% and grounding more than 600 aircraft as business evaporates.  United Airlines plans to cut 60% of its planned flights in April, including 85% of its international flights.  JetBlue plans to reduce capacity by 40% in April and May, with more cuts likely in June and July.

South America:  Chilean LATAM has cut services by 70%, Mexican Aeromexico by 40%, and Colombian Avianca by 30%.

Europe:  Limited connections for air freight.  Lufthansa has drastically reduced PAX flights (they will be operating approx. the same number of flights this whole week that they used to operate on a normal day between 6 a.m. and noon).  Freight Forwarders are using charters, part charters, and hard block space capacities on freighter flights daily to ensure eastbound and westbound flows.  Italy:  Milan-Linate Airport has been closed since March 13.

Asia:  Bangladesh:  All airports are closed, and no goods are moving in or out of the country.  India:  Airlines have cancelled service to India due to labor shortages.  No goods are moving in or out of the country.

Africa:  Airlines are adjusting their PAX schedules with Rwanda after Rwandair suspended all flights for 30 days.  South African Airlines will only fly to Johannesburg and Cape Town.  Ethiopian has cancelled most of their connections.

COVID-19 Related Surcharges

Swissport has announced a new COVID-19 Emergency Support surcharge, which is applicable to all import cargo processed at their facilities; surcharges will not apply to export cargo.

1.2 Ocean Freight

Ports around the world have reported that hundreds of thousands of containers have been left stranded, and experts expect the trend to continue as lockdowns limit the ability of the ports to clear the landed boxes and the blank sailings leave export containers stuck on quays.

Ocean freight shipments are facing delays, and, as a result, all quotes/bookings are subject to space and availability.  The average delay for late vessels rose to 5 days in February, and experts expect schedule reliability to be very poor in the months ahead.  Space and equipment remain very tight, especially in inland areas.  Many of the shipping lines are adding Peak Season Surcharges.

Container lines have announced additional blanked sailings after social distancing and quarantines forced many cargo buyers in Europe and the U.S. to cancel orders.  The number of blank sailings has increased to 435, which indicates a drop in demand equivalent to 7m TEU.  Alan Murphy, CEO of Copenhagen-based Sea-Intelligence, believes the effect of the pandemic on buyers in Europe and the U.S. will have even greater consequences for container-shipping schedules than China’s lockdown in February, when more than 100 sailings were cancelled.  As lead times for the service cancellations are substantially shorter than usual, shippers will need to get creative in rearranging their supply chains in the weeks ahead.  The LOADSTAR reported that it has become increasingly difficult to keep up with the carrier scheduling changes, and there is a lot of confusion over whether a service has been blanked or suspended.  Shippers need to understand the impact of the blank sailings on their business per trade, per alliance/carrier, even per week.

MSC has announced rotation changes to improve coverage of U.S. East Coast -South American trade.  The service’s enhanced itinerary will add additional calls to New York, Norfolk, Baltimore, Charleston, Savannah, Port Everglades, Caucedo, Santos, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Rio Grande, Navegantes, Santos, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Suape, Caucedo, Freeport (Bahamas), New York.  The ports of Philadelphia, Paranagua, Brazil and Cristobal, Panama will be added to the service.  MSC will drop service to Port Everglades and Freeport, Bahamas, and Caucedo in the Dominican Republic will be cancelled.

COSCO and its Ocean Alliance partners will terminate the AAC3 service, effective April 2020.  The AAC3 service covers a rotation of Lianyungang-Shanghai-Ningbo-Long Beach-Seattle and will result in a net reduction of Asia-West Coast capacity of 3.4%.

THE Alliance (Hapag-Lloyd, ONE, Yang Ming and HMM) has announced plans to suspend the FE4 string for two months, from weeks 18 to 26.  Hapag-Lloyd will reroute its cargo flows via FE3 and FE5, which is particularly bad news for the UK’s London Gateway port as neither service calls there.

IMO 2020 Fuel Surcharges

Plummeting fuel costs are expected to trigger cancellations of low-sulfur fuel charges as well as significant reductions in standard bunker surcharges as demand for freight dissipates.  CMA CGM announced it was cancelling its low-sulfur surcharge, and Maersk acknowledged that it’s Environmental Fuel Fee would be zero from May 1.

Equipment Shortages

The pandemic has spawned a worldwide box-repositioning challenge due to the enormous number of blanked sailings.  Normally, containerships bring loaded containers on headhaul runs, boxes are emptied and then used for backhaul runs.  The blanked sailings slashed the number of boxes arriving on headhaul routes and impaired the ability to return the empties. The equipment shortage is particularly acute at inland terminals. A shortfall of shipping containers means cargo can’t move.

Stranded Crew Crisis – a Ticking Time Bomb

Thousands of international seafarers have been marooned on cargo ships, unable to go home at the end of their contracts due to COVID-19 travel restrictions.  The plight of the seafarers is a ticking time bomb for the global supply chain, as ship crew cannot be forced to keep working forever, and there are only two ways the impasse can end – either governments ease restrictions to allow crews to come ashore or ships will start to be removed from the fleet.  The ocean shipping industry has been working aggressively to solve the issue, urging governments to designate seafarers as essential workers and allow them shore leave, and appeals have been made to the United Nations on the urgency of the crisis.

Impacts on Demurrage and Detention

Many retailers and manufacturers have abandoned their cargo at marine terminals as their warehouses are full or closed due to lockdowns/stay-at-home orders, creating congestion at many ports.  Shippers are advised that ocean carriers and marine terminals will be aggressive in assessing demurrage and detention charges for containers which are not picked up within the free time period, and these charges can quickly accrue into hefty amounts in a relatively short period of time.  In severe cases, ocean carriers may place liens on abandoned containers and sell the contents to recoup the amounts owed.  If the amounts owed exceed the amounts collected from the sale, the importer would still be liable for the difference between the amount owed and the amount collected.

It is important for shippers to note that cargo insurance policies will not cover demurrage and detention charges for failure to pick up cargo at the port of destination due to lack of warehouse space or business closure due to lockdowns.  In the event the abandoned goods are lost, policies also do not cover claims for loss of market.

Updates by Region

U.S.:  Cargo handling continues at all U.S. ports and operations have not been interrupted.  Volumes are expected to remain soft throughout the remainder of March as production ramps up in China.  Port users are encouraged to check the websites of terminals for any changes in hours of operation.  LA  and Long Beach terminals have adjusted hours to disinfect between shifts, and gate operations will be idle from 4:45 pm to 7 pm until further notice.

Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal has reduced their workforce as booking cancellations surged, from 10,000 down to 3,600.  Vessels transiting the canal are required to report conditions onboard, including any illnesses and if crew changes occurred within 14 days of arrival at the port.  Ships will be quarantined if any there are any confirmed or suspected cases onboard.  The Panama Canal Authority has also issued draft restrictions for neo-panamaxes based on the present and predicted levels of Gatun Lake.  Effective March 30, the maximum authorized draft to vessels transiting the neo-panamax locks is 45.5 feet Tropical Fresh Water (TWF).  Recent rainfall in the Canal watershed has allowed the Panama Canal Authority to suspend the second advisory, which was scheduled to take effect on April 17.  Vessels with drafts over the restricted TFW will be required to trim or off-load cargo in order to transit the canal.  The Panama Canal Authority will continue to monitor the level of Gatun Lake in order to announce future draft adjustments.

Europe:  Ports are operating despite difficult conditions.  Trieste Port in Italy has announced that all operations and logistics “operate as normal with no limitations”.

Asia:  Ocean carriers are working with skeleton work forces, so transmission of gate passes and release orders is very slow.  Bangladesh:  All ports are closed, and no goods are moving in or out of the country.  India:  Many ports have declared force majeure and vessels have been turned away.  No goods are moving in or out of the country.   The Philippines:  The Port in Manila is reporting severe reefer congestion as haulage collections of import containers has been hampered by the citywide lockdown.  The port also announced a lack of reefer plugs due to the congestion.  The port’s two container terminal operators have sent letters urging carriers, forwarders and shippers to remove the empty containers immediately.  In response, CMA CGM has imposed a $1,400 per reefer port congestion surcharge on shipments to both the Manila and Subic Bay ports.  MSC announced it would be applying a ‘suspension of carriage’ clause and would have to unload reefer containers at other ports; MSC will be advising shippers and forwarders where they may collect their containers.

Australia:  Maritime Safety Queensland has banned all commercial ships from entering ports in Queensland if the ship or any person onboard has been in any country other than Australia within the last 14 days.  Southern ports have banned ships from the ports of Albany, Bunbury, and Esperance until 14 days have elapsed from the last port of call.

1.3 Trucking

U.S.:  DAT reports that ‘urgent restocking’ continues to boost truckload spot rates and loads.

China:  While most of the trucking services have recovered, with the exception of Hubei Province, trucking capacity is less than adequate, and we are seeing trucking costs increase.  This trend is expected to continue until operations return to normal.

Europe:  Cross-border traffic between the EU member states is facing disruptions and slowdowns due to increased border control, sanitary measures and special arrangements (closure of certain border posts, detours, and driver shortages).

Asia:  Lockdowns in Asia are impeding cargo flows across Asia, and we expect this situation to continue as additional countries implement similar measures.  Stricter measures to contain the spread of Coronavirus are creating confusion over how to interpret the new regulations.  The confusion has been particularly severe in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Pakistan.  In Manila, finding enough truck capacity to clear the backlog is a challenge.

1.4 Rail

Capacity is getting tight between Europe and China.  Shippers are advised to book early.  Possible delays are anticipated on pre and post carriage by domestic trucking at European borders.

Austria:  There are currently no rail connections to Italy, France, Spain, and Switzerland.

1.5 Intermodal

Europe:  Sea-air services have been suspended or are charging outrageous rates as airlines continue to cancel flights.

1.6 Customs

Health and travel restrictions also apply to customs staff, resulting in possible delays in the processing of customs declarations, especially in regard to customs clearance of goods subject to prohibitions, movement restrictions and presentation of original documents.

Europe:  Possible delays of customs declarations due to health and travel restrictions.

India:  Customs has been shut down, except for essential goods.

1.7 Bans on Exporting Personal Protective Equipment and Medical Supplies

According to Professor Simon Evenett of the University of St. Gallen and the head of Global Trade Alert, 60 countries have introduced new export curbs on medical supplies and more are being added every day.  Some of the countries include:

  • Australia will impose huge fines (up to $128,275 and 5 years in prison) for exporting medical supplies, PPE, and hand sanitizer amid the pandemic.
  • The European Commission has announced prior authorization for any export operation of medical protective equipment, including face shields, surgical masks, and gowns.
  • Egypt has banned the export of masks and all types of alcohol sterilizers for 3 months in a bid to avoid a shortage of medical equipment.
  • India has ordered a ban on the export of surgical face masks, the textile material that goes into making the masks, and sanitizers, ventilators and respirators.
  • Malaysia has banned exports of face masks, effective March 18.
  • Sri Lanka has relaxed restrictions on exporting face masks, effective April 11.
  • Switzerland is now requiring licenses for exports of mask, gloves, goggles, and swabs.
  • Turkey has banned exports of face masks.
  • The Ukraine has banned the export of masks, gowns and gloves, with criminal penalties from $5,000 – $15,000.
  • The UK has banned parallel exports of 80 crucial medicines, including adrenaline, insulin, paracetamol and morphine to protect supplies.
  • The U.S. has banned American companies from exporting needed medical supplies without explicit approval by the FEMA.  DHS announced that before any shipments of these materials may leave the United States, CBP will detain the shipment temporarily, during which time FEMA will determine whether to return the items for domestic use, to purchase the PPE on behalf of the U.S., or allow the export of part or all of the shipment.  The Export-Import Bank of the U.S. has temporarily excluded COVID-19-related medical supplies from EXIM coverage or financing, including masks, gloves, Tyvek suits, face shields, and similar protective wear.
    • CBP has established a web portal for all cargo inquiries related to the importation of medical supplies, located at www.imports.cbp.gov

Meanwhile, Chinese officials have begun inspecting every shipment of N95 respirators, ventilators and other medical supplies for quality issues prior to export, which will likely delay the arrival of critical gear at hospitals around the world that are struggling to cope with the pandemic.  As of  April 1, Chinese medical product exporters must obtain a Certificate of Registration from the National Medical Products Administration before goods can be released for export. Certificates of Registration will only be issued to suppliers upon verification by the National Medical Products Administration that the products:  1) have been officially registered in China, and 2) meet the quality-control standards of the respective export destination.  On April 10, China implemented a China Inspection and Quarantine (CIQ) certificate requirement which is mandatory for all PPE shipments.  All medical equipment entering the U.S. must be certified by the FDA prior to export.

The Chinese government has banned Beijing-based Tus Data Asset and Shenzhen-based Aibaoda Technology from exporting medical supplies because they “distorted” the nation’s image by selling poor-quality products.  Spain reported in March that they stopped using rapid COVID-19 test kits made by another Chinese company after discovering that they were not effective.

1.8  Heightened Risk of Fraud

Logistics and transport insurer TT Club has published new advice for shippers as the risk of fraud increases during the pandemic.   TT Club has identified four main types of rising crime – mandate fraud, CEO fraud, cargo theft and procurement fraud – that operators should be aware of.  “These are perfect circumstances for the fraudster, given that your ordinary business processes are disrupted and under strain,” it warned. “The exposures are arguably heightened further since the focus of the authorities naturally lies elsewhere – and reduced legitimate work may induce more to try their hand at fraudulent activity.”  Click here to read more.

UK Border Force issued a warning to industry that it has identified trends showing criminals are exploiting the current situation, pushing fake medicines and PPE into supply chains.  The agency said criminals were “specifically targeting the vulnerable and those at most risk during the Covid-19 crisis. These goods are not fit for purpose, offering little or no protection, and will cost lives if successfully imported into the UK.”  The agency also warned that every country is facing similar challenges and urged shippers to be extra vigilant.

2. UNITED STATES

On May 11, the Republican-majority Senate will reopen, while the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives will remain shuttered.  The Federal government will not be extending social distancing  guidelines, which were set to expire on April 30, and will leave the decision to gradually ease restrictions and begin reopening to the governors, with more than half of U.S. states partially reopening by May 1.  President Trump urged Americans to avoid groups of more than 10, avoid discretionary travel, work from home if possible, and stay home if you are older or  have underlying health conditions.

All 50 states are under a federal disaster declaration, for the first time in U.S. history.  The CDC now recommends that Americans should consider wearing cloth face coverings when entering public spaces, and should avoid grocery shopping until April 20.  Schools in at least 31 states have been closed.

President Trump signed a bill, effective April 2, 2020, which requires many employers to provide paid sick leave and expands FMLA for many employees.  A link to the bill can be found here.  Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announced the income tax filing date has been pushed back from April 15 to July 15.  Tens of millions of people have filed for unemployment.

President Trump has invoked the Defense Production Act, which would allow the Administration to force American industry to manufacture medical supplies that are in short supply in the fight against the Coronavirus pandemic.  An executive order has been signed that mandates meat processing plants must remain open.

The FDA has issued warnings to various companies to stop promoting illegal, unapproved drugs to treat the Coronavirus, including a woman in Georgia who has been accused of selling a pesticide which was touted as a home and office essential that reduces the risk of viral infections by 90%.  The FDA has not approved any treatments or vaccines against the Coronavirus, and the National Institutes of Health says no scientific evidence exists to suggest alternative remedies help.

Travel Restrictions:  The State Department has issued a Level 4: Do Not Travel Advisory, and urged American citizens “in countries where commercial departure options remain available… to arrange for immediate return to the U.S., unless they are prepared to remain abroad for an indefinite period.”  The CDC issued a travel advisory urging people in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut to “refrain from non-essential domestic travel” for the next two weeks.  Travel has been restricted to all European Union countries.  Effective March 21 through April 20, the U.S. is prohibiting non-essential travel from Canada and Mexico at land ports of entry. U.S. Customs and Border Protection states that those exempt from this restriction include individuals engaged in lawful cross-border trade (e.g., truck drivers supporting the movement of cargo between the U.S. and Canada or Mexico).  Delta Airlines will be mandating that all passengers wear a face covering.  American and United will provide masks to passengers beginning in May, but they are only encouraging travelers to wear them.

Air Freight:  

JetBlue has announced that it will temporarily consolidate operations in Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco and Washington D.C., beginning on April 15.  The company said the 8-week move is aimed at reducing excess flying during a time of unprecedented low demand for air travel while maintaining a critical level of service across the airline’s network for those who absolutely must fly.   JetBlue has received the Department of Transportation’s approval to temporarily suspend service to 16 major airports across the country.  Service will be suspended through September 30 due to extremely low demand to the following airports:  Atlanta (ATL), Charlotte (CLT), Chicago (ORD), Dallas/Ft. Worth (DFW), Denver (DEN), Detroit (DTW), Houston (IAH), Las Vegas (LAS), Minneapolis (MSP), Nashville (BNA), Philadelphia (PHL), Phoenix (PHX), Portland (PDX), San Diego (SAN), Seattle (SEA), and Tampa (TPA).

American Airlines has announced it has updated its cancellation and fair booking policy to mitigate unused space on its flights.  Effective May 1, customers with shipments over 100 kg will be responsible for paying a fee starting at $50 for late cancellation, late reduction in chargeable weight or failure to show; customers can cancel up to 48 hours prior to the flight’s scheduled departure without being charged.

Ocean Freight:  Carriers are announcing special arrangements for demurrage and detention in the event of terminal closure, restrictions, or changes to earliest return date for export.  Terminals have slowed operations due to low import volumes; while many are operating normally, others have reduced hours.  While carriers are trying to provide weekly sailings, many are indicating that they may have to phase vessels out of rotation due to substantial operational losses incurred on near empty or empty sailings over the last several weeks.  Advanced bookings are recommended for all trade lanes due to capacity constraints.  Empty container availability is scarce due to low import volumes.  GRI is expected to go into effect on April 1 from ports at inland origins due to limited equipment supply.

Trucking:  FreightWaves reported that 90,000 jobs were lost in the trucking industry in April; although specific data  on the losses is not expected to be released until June, many experts anticipate that the majority of drivers were with carriers that support non-essential services or businesses that were directly affected by a shutdown.  Reefer tender rejection rates have been on the rise since bottoming in late April.

Rail Freight:  Union Pacific (NYSE: UNP) has announced it is ceasing operations of its multimodal service Cold Connect, which offers end-to-end transportation service for refrigerated loads from the West Coast to New York, due to sluggish market conditions.

 NEW ENGLAND

Massachusetts

On May 18, Gov. Baker announced a Safer at Home advisory and a 4-phase reopening plan, which can be backtracked “if public health data trends are negative.” Each of the four phases is scheduled to last for a minimum of three weeks. All businesses must meet self-certification requirements before reopening and follow mandatory safety standards and recommended best practices once reopened. Businesses should limit capacity to 25%, stagger work and lunch schedules, continue telework, if feasible, and limit visitors and on-site service providers. On May 18, essential services, manufacturing and construction can, and houses of worship may open with outdoor services being encouraged. On May 25, office and laboratories space will be allowed to reopen, except in the city of Boston, personal care services, like hair care, pet groom, and car washes, may reopen, and retail stores will be allowed to reopen for remote fulfillment and curbside pickup. Beaches, parks, drive-in theaters, some athletic fields, zoos, and outdoor gardens may reopen, and many outdoor activities may resume, such as fishing, hunting, and boating. Healthcare provides can also resume high-priority preventative care, pediatric care and treatment for high-risk conditions. Massachusetts residents are advised to only leave home for healthcare, worship, permitted work and outdoor activities.  Residents over the age of 65 and individuals with underlying health conditions should continue to stay home except for essential errands. Gatherings of more than 10 people are still not allowed and residents are still required to cover their faces in public. For more information on the governor’s reopening plan, visit mass.gov/reopening.  Boston has cancelled all parades, festivals, concerts, road races, and any other events that bring crowds together until Labor Day.  Golf courses were allowed to reopen on May 7, with restrictions, and a federal judge ordered gun shops to reopen.  On May 4, Gov. Baker eased certain restrictions on retail stores and car dealers, allowing them to fulfill online and phone orders for delivery.  The new guidelines require the stores to remain closed to the public and limit the number of employees and operating hours, and Dealerships must remain closed to walk-in customers, but transfer, delivery and return of new and leased vehicles or trade-ins can be conducted in person by appointment.  On May 1, Gov. Baker issued a state-wide executive order requiring residents to wear a face covering while out in public places, effective May 6; the requirement applies to workers and customers, but does not apply to children under the age of 2.  Gov. Charlie Baker issued a statewide stay-at-home order, beginning March 24.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close, and people who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents can leave their homes for medical care, to shop for groceries, to go to work if their employer is permitted to stay open, and to exercise with proper social-distancing.  Restaurants and bars can still offer take-out or delivery services.  Gatherings are limited to 10 people in confined spaces; outdoor spaces, such as parks are not included in the order.  Boston and Brockton have imposed curfews from 9 pm – 6 am, and Brockton has restricted non-essential gatherings of any size in the city.  Grocery stores have been ordered to limit the number of shoppers in the stores, to 40% capacity.  Schools across the state are closed for the remainder of the school year, and all non-emergency childcare programs will be closed until June 29.  All elective surgeries have been cancelled, and nursing homes have been directed to restrict visitor access.  Public transportation has reduced service to slow the spread of the virus.  Recreational boating is permitted, provided that only persons from the same household are on a boat; no gatherings or groups of persons from multiple households will be permitted on boat ramps, docks, piers, etc., and all users shall practice social distancing.  For hire boating is not be permitted.  Travel Restrictions:  All travelers arriving to Massachusetts are instructed to self-quarantine for 14 days, with exemption to health care workers, public health workers, public safety workers, transportation workers, and designated essential workers.

Maine

Gov. Mills issued a Stay Safer at Home order; effective May 1.  People are required to wear face coverings in public settings where physical distancing is difficult to maintain.  Barber shops, hair salons, pet groomers, drive-in movie theaters, auto dealerships and car washes can reopen, and expanded activities include restricted-use of golf and disc golf courses, guided outdoor activities, public land trails and historic sites.  Coastal state parks will remain closed.  Drive-in stay-in-your-vehicle religious services may open, but the businesses must comply with strict health and safety protocols.  Gov. Janet Mills has issued a stay-at-home order, effective April 2.  All non-essential businesses are ordered to close their physical locations, effective March 25.  Residents that can work from home should do so.  All non-essential large indoor gatherings of 10 people or more and dine-in service at bars and restaurants has been prohibited.

New Hampshire

Gov. Sununu announced a modified stay-at-home order, effective May 11.  Retail establishments, barbers, hair salons and other cosmetology businesses, golf courses, and campgrounds can reopen with restrictions, including face coverings and capacity limitations, and sensitive hospital services can resume.  On May 18, restaurants can begin serving customers in outdoor dining areas following social distancing rules.  Time-sensitive elective surgeries have resumed.  Gov. Chris Sununu issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 27.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  Residents that can work from home should do so.  Restaurants must switch to take-out, delivery or drive-thru service only.  Schools are closed for the remainder of the school year, and the state has implemented a ban on visiting senior citizens in nursing homes and assisted living facilities.  All state beaches are closed, effective March 27.  All non-essential out-of-state travel by state and local government officials, public school teachers, and students has been eliminated.  All legislative activities have been suspended.  The governor has also banned landlords from starting eviction procedures and barred utilities from disconnecting service for non-payment.  Unemployment benefits have been expanded to include eligibility for residents who lose work due to COVID-19, for people who are under quarantine or caring for a family member under quarantine, and for people whose employment is interrupted due to the statewide school closure.

Vermont

Effective May 6, gatherings of 10 or less people are allowed, preferably outdoors; adults 65 and older are asked to continue to stay home.  Skate parks, tennis courts, ball fields, trail networks and golf courses have reopened.  On May 4, manufacturing, construction and distribution businesses can operate with 10 or less employees, if they meet certain safety requirements, and on May 11, they can restart full operations if they comply with additional stringent requirements.  Some elective surgeries and procedures have resumed, as long as they do not require a hospital stay.   Some businesses have reopened under restrictions, and farmers markets can reopen in limited capacities starting on May 1.  Gov. Phil Scott issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 25.  Vermonters are being asked to stay in their homes or residences, but may leave for essential reasons, such as groceries, medical appointments, and care of others.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.  Bars and restaurants have been ordered to stop offering dine-in service.  The largest electric utilities will stop disconnections through the end of April.  Anyone who enters Vermont from another state is instructed to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Rhode Island

Gov. Raimondo allowed the state’s stay-at-home order to expire on May 8.  On May 9, retail stores, state parks and places of worship (with five people or fewer) were allowed to reopen, and elective medical procedures were allowed to resume.  Restaurants are still limited to delivery and takeout.  Movie theaters, bowling alleys, gyms, hair salons and tattoo parlors must remain closed.  Nursing homes and assisted living facilities remain closed.  Gov. Gina Raimondo issued a stay-at-home order, effective March 28.  Gatherings of more than 5 people are prohibited.  All out-of-state travelers traveling for a non-work related purposes must self-quarantine for 14 days. While Rhode Island residents who must travel to another state for work are urged to work from home, they can commute to other states, but must self-quarantine at home in Rhode Island while not working.  All recreational and entertainment businesses have been ordered to close.  The governor warned if residents do not follow social distancing guidelines, she would consider implementing a state-wide shelter-in-place order.  All schools and day care centers are closed.  All nursing homes in the state have banned visitors to protect the elderly who are already in a weakened state of health.

Connecticut

On April 18, marinas, boatyards, boat launches, and golf courses have reopened for recreational use; golfers will have to walk the course and carry their own bags as the use of golf carts is still banned.  Gov. Ned Lamont announced a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 23.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  The CDC issued a travel advisory urging people to refrain from non-essential domestic travel.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.   Restaurants and bars are required to close, except for takeout or delivery orders.   All casinos, gyms and movie theaters have been completely shut down.

Alabama

Starting May 11, non-work gatherings of any size will be allowed as long as people maintain social distancing protocols, gyms, barber shops, hair salons and nail salons can reopen with certain rules, and restaurants and bars are allowed to reopen with certain rules.  On April 30, Gov. Ivey issued a Safer at Home order:  all employers, retails stores, and beaches have reopened, subject to good sanitation and social distancing rules.  Entertainment venues, such as theaters, casinos, bowling alleys and night clubs remain closed.  Gov. Kay Ivey issued a stay-at-home order, effective April 4.  The order says: “Every person is ordered to stay at his or her place of residence except as necessary to perform essential activities.  Gatherings are restricted to no more than 10 people.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Alaska

On May 8, the state implemented the 2nd phase of its reopening; restaurants are allowed to reopen for dine-in at 50% capacity, bars and gyms can reopen for the first time at 25%, and religious gatherings are allowed, but with a limit of 50 people.  Effective April 21, restaurants and retails stores can reopen at 25%.  Personal services, such as hair salons, are required to maintain a 1:1 ratio of employees to customers, and can only admit customers by reservation.  Gatherings, including church services and fitness classes, are limited to 20 people or less.  Doctor’s visits and elective surgeries will resume on May 4.  Alaska issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 28.   The governor announced 6-foot public social distancing guidelines, and businesses that can’t abide by the guideline are required to close.  All travel in the state between communities is prohibited, unless it is to support critical infrastructure or for critical personal needs.  Those who travel for critical reasons are subject to automatic quarantine or isolation.  Recreational public gatherings of more than 10 people are banned until further notice.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Arizona

Gov. Ducey has revised the state’s stay-at-home order.  On May 1, elective surgeries resumed, on May 8 retails stores were allowed to conduct in-person business with strict physical distancing, and on May 11 restaurants were allowed to offer dine-in services again.  Gov. Doug Ducey issued a stay-at-home order, effective March 31.  All non-essential businesses have been closed.  All schools in the state have been ordered to remain closed for the remainder of the academic year.

Arkansas

While Arkansas never issued a stay-at-home order, restaurants, gyms, and retail businesses are closed until May 4.  Barbershops and hair salons reopened on May 6.  Restaurants will open for limited dine-in service on May 11.  Elective surgeries resumed on April 27.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

California

Los Angeles county announced beach openings on May 11, but sunbathing and picnicking are not allowed.  The state will begin allowing necessary medical procedures, such as heart surgery or removing cancerous tumors.  On May 4, the state announced some retail stores, such as clothing stores, florists, and bookshops, will be allowed to reopen with curbside pickup and physical distancing;  associated supply chains for those retail businesses will also be allowed to reopen.  Beaches in Orange Country were allowed to reopen, but a day later Gov. Newsome ordered them closed after beachgoers crowded the beaches.  Gov. Gavin Newsom ordered the state’s 40 million residents to stay at home, effective March 19, which restricts non-essential movements.  Bars, wineries, nightclubs and brewpubs are closed.  People 65 and older and those with chronic health conditions must isolate at home.  People are required to work from home, unless they provide essential services to public safety, sanitation, and medical services.  In some parts of the state, infection rates are doubling every four days in, and the governor issued a dire prediction that 56% of California’s population could contract the virus over the next eight weeks.

Colorado

A “Safer at Home” order has been issued, effective April 26.  Residents are urged, but not required, to stay home, except for Denver which remains under stay-at-home orders.  High-risk populations, such as the elderly, are asked to stay home except when it’s absolutely necessary to leave.  Retail businesses have been allowed to reopen for curbside delivery, and elective medical procedures have resumed.  Gov. Jared Polis has issued a statewide stay-at-home order, with exemptions for certain essential workers and businesses.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  All  restaurants and bars must suspend dine-in service and move to takeout or delivery options.  The order allows citizens to leave their homes for essential reasons, such as grocery shopping, pharmacy pick-ups or trips to restaurants for takeout only, assisting others in obtaining supplies, walking their dogs, and to be in nature — as long as they keep six feet between themselves and others.

Delaware

Gov. John Carney ordered residents statewide to stay-at-home and closed non-essential businesses in the state starting March 24.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents can leave their homes for medical care, to shop for groceries, to go to work if their employer is permitted to stay open and to exercise (with proper social-distancing).  Travelers entering Delaware from other state for an extended stay are required to self-quarantine for 14-days.

District of Columbia

DC Mayor Muriel Bowser has issued a stay-at-home order directing all residents to stay at home except for essential activities.  Any individual who willfully violates the order may be guilty of a misdemeanor and will be subject to a fine not exceeding $5,000, imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or both.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Florida

Several hotels in the region reopened for visitors on May .  11On May 4, Miami beach closed just days after reopening as nearly 8,000 people break face mask and social distancing rules; City Manager said efforts by city authorities to enforce the rules were met with hostility.  On May 4, restaurants are allowed to offer outdoor seating with six-foot space between tables and indoor seating at 25% capacity, and retail can operate at 25% of indoor capacity.  Churches must follow social distancing rules.  Movie theaters, bars, gyms, and personal services such as hairdressers will remain closed.  Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties are still under stay-at-home orders.  Gov. Ron DeSantis issued a stay-at-home order, effective April 3, but eased restrictions by reopening beaches in some municipalities for walking, running, biking, swimming, and fishing.  Movement is restricted for essential services.   Interaction with people outside of a resident’s home is banned.  Schools will remain closed for the remainder of the academic year.  Religious services are counted as essential businesses and are exempt from the order.  Travelers from New York,  New Jersey, Connecticut, and other areas experiencing substantial community spread of the Coronavirus are required to self-isolate for two weeks immediately after they land in the state.  The state has now begun stopping drivers at its borders with Alabama and Georgia.

Georgia

On April 24, certain businesses reopened, including gyms, bowling alleys, barbers, estheticians, massage therapists, hair and nail salons, and body art studios, subject to specific restrictions including basic minimum operations, social distancing, and regular sanitation.  Elective surgeries have resumed.  On April 27 theaters and restaurants reopened, with caveats.  Bars, nightclubs, and music venues remain closed.  Gov. Brian Kemp announced a statewide shelter-in-place order, effective April 3.  Public schools are closed for the remainder of the school year.

Hawaii

On May 7, shopping malls, car washes, pet grooming, elective surgeries, non-profit organizations and in-person retail businesses were allowed to resume operations, as long as social distancing is maintained.  Beaches are now open for exercising, but people cannot loiter on the beach and must maintain social distancing guidelines.  Groups of two or more are allowed to fish for subsistence or commercial purposes.  The state is continuing to discourage visitors to the islands, and anyone arriving from out of state must quarantine for 14 days.  Gov. David Ige issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 25.  Exceptions to the order are being made for essential services, medical care, and grocery shopping.  All travelers will be quarantined for 14 days upon arrival in Hawaii.

Idaho

Gov. Little amended his order on April 15 to allow some businesses and facilities to reopen for curbside pickup, drive-thru service and delivery service.  Bars, gyms, and theaters must remain closed, but some other businesses and places of worship have reopened with social distancing protocols.  Gov. Brad Little issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 25.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  Residents will still be able to leave their homes to access necessary services, and essential businesses will remain open.

Illinois

Gov. Pritzker issued a modified stay-at-home order, effective May 1.  State parks, golf courses, retail stores, and garden centers are some of the few places that are reopening with strict social measures, and non-urgent surgeries have resumed.  Pritzker also announced the mandatory requirement to wear face masks while in public places where social distancing protocols cannot be followed; children under the age of two and those not medically able to tolerate face coverings are exempt from the guideline.  Gov. J.B. Pritzker issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 21.  Residents are able to go out for essentials, including groceries and medicine.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close, and all people who can work from home must do so.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Indiana

On May 1, critical businesses were allowed to reopen, but all other industries remain closed.  On May 4, state government offices reopened with limited public interaction, and retail and commercial business were allowed to reopen at 50% capacity, while shopping malls are restricted to 25% capacity.  On May 11, restaurants and bars that serve food reopened at 50% capacity, and barbershops, hair and nail salons, and tattoo parlors can reopen by appointment only.  Gov. Eric Holcomb issued a statewide stay-at-home order, beginning March 25.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  People must remain home except for essential work duties or for permitted activities such as taking care of others, obtaining necessary supplies, and for health and safety.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Iowa

On May 1, 77 of the state’s 99 counties can reopen restaurants, fitness centers, retail stores, and enclosed malls at 50% capacity.  Counties where COVID-19 activity is higher will have their closures extended.  Farmer’s markets have reopened with limited operations on April 27, elective surgeries have resumed, and the ban on religious gatherings has been lifted, as long as social distancing, hygiene, public health measures, and business guidelines by the department of public health are followed.  The governor emphasized that the state limit of social gatherings of more than 10 people remains in place.  Gov. Kim Reynolds issued a State of Public Health Disaster Emergency on March 17, ordering all restaurants, bars, theaters, casinos, and fitness centers to close.  Enclosed malls, social clubs, amusement and entertainment venues, campgrounds, parks, and playgrounds are also closed.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.  Those who have traveled out of state are required to self-isolate for 14 days.

Kansas

On May 6, dental services were allowed to resume following guidelines by the Iowa Dental Board.  Restaurants have been allowed to reopen, following social distancing and health protocols.  Libraries and childcare facilities have also reopened, but bars nightclubs, casinos, gyms and personal services businesses must remain closed. Campgrounds, drive-in movie theaters, tanning facilities and medical spas have reopened with special guidelines.  Gov. Laura Kelly issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective, March 30.  The order allows for several exemptions, including traveling to essential work, and getting food, medicine and medical care, and other household necessities.  Outdoor activity is allowed, provided people maintain a distance of 6 feet from one another, and gatherings are limited to 10 people.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.  The Kansas Department of Health and Environment has ordered 14-day quarantines for Kansans who traveled to California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Washington.

Kentucky

Gov. Beshear announced that on May 11 manufacturing, construction, vehicle/vessel dealerships professional services at 50% capacity, horse racing without fans, and dog grooming/boarding will be allowed to reopen, and on May 20, retail and houses of worship will be allowed to reopen.  Beginning on May 25, barbershop, salons, and the like will be allowed to reopen.  Customers and employees will be required to wear face coverings.  Non-essential medical and dental services have resumed, with restrictions.  Gov. Andy Beshear issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 29.  Only life-sustaining businesses are permitted to remain open.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Anyone returning to the state is required to quarantine for 14 days, and travel to other states is banned; exceptions include: job-required travel, those who live on the border and need necessities, travel for health care reasons, travel to care for a loved one, and court orders.

Louisiana

On May 11, stores can offer curbside delivery, and restaurants can offer outdoor seating, without wait staff.  Churches can operate outdoors with tents as long as those tents don’t have flaps on the side.  All employees that interact with the public are required to wear masks.  Businesses that were previously directed to close will remain closed, including salons, barbershops, bars, malls, and casinos.  Gov. John Bel Edwards imposed a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 23.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Maryland

On May 6, elective medical procedures resumed, and on May 9, the state began allowing more outdoor activities, such as walking, hiking, running, biking, golf, tennis, boating, fishing, and camping.  State parks and beaches were allowed to reopen for people who are exercising.  Gov. Larry Hogan issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 30.  Gatherings are limited to no more than 10 people.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  Essential businesses will remain open, but must limit contact between customers and staff.  Theaters, malls, fitness centers, nursing homes and restaurants that can’t deliver or provide take-out must close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Access to the BWI Marshall Airport is restricted, and residents are urged to use transit for essential travel only.  Ocean Freight:  Baltimore’s Seagirt Marine Terminal to close March 30-31 due to “current declines in international container volumes.”  Baltimore’s five other public marine terminals — Dundalk, Fairfield, Masonville, North Locust Point and South Locust Point — continue to operate normally.

Michigan

On May 11, manufacturing workers were allowed to resume work.  Gov. Whitmer announced relaxed restrictions, effective April 24.  Landscapers, plant nurseries and bike repair shops have resumed operations, subject to social distancing guidelines.  People are allowed to travel between residences, although it is not encouraged.  Residents are allowed to use motorized boats and play golf without the use of golf carts.  Construction will resume on May 7.  Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 24.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.  All gatherings, both public and private, have been banned, regardless of the number of people.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Minnesota

Businesses will be allowed to reopen, provided they use contactless payment, following social distancing rules and minimize contact with customers and have developed and posted a plan on safe operation.  On May 4, retail businesses will be allowed to offer curbside pickup and delivery.  Certain non-critical workers returned to work on April 27 at some offices and industrial and manufacturing businesses, with social distancing and worker hygiene protocols.  Outdoor recreational businesses, including golf courses, bait shops, marinas, and outdoor shooting ranges reopened on April 18, but residents must adhere to social distancing guidelines.  All indoor recreational facilities must remain closed.  Gov. Tim Walz has issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 27.  Residents are asked to limit their movements to essential services.

Mississippi

On April 27 Gov. Reeves issued a Safer at Home order allowing retail stores to begin reopening at 50% capacity.  On May 4, restaurants can open dining rooms as long as servers wear masks and capacity is limited to 50%.  Outdoor gatherings with up to 20 people are now allowed.  Residents are encouraged to remain at home, but are not required to under the new order.  Bars, places of entertainment or amusement, movie theaters, museums, spas, gyms, tattoo parlors, casinos and barbershops remain closed.  The most vulnerable people must still follow the shelter-in-place order.  Gov. Tate Reeves issued a shelter-in-place order, effective April 3.  Residents are to leave their homes only for essential activities, such as caring for someone in the vulnerable population, getting food or necessary supplies, and working for an essential business.  Non-essential gatherings of more than 10 people are not allowed, and people are ordered to keep a 6-foot distance from others.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Missouri

On May 4, businesses were allowed to reopen as long as social distancing protocols can be maintained.  Indoor retail businesses must limit capacity to no more than 25%.  Local communities will be allowed to implement stricter rules.  There are no limitations on social gatherings as long as six feet of distance can be maintained.  Gov. Mike Parson issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective April 6.  Residents must avoid leaving their homes unless necessary.  There are no restrictions on social gatherings as long as sex feet of distance can be maintained between individuals.  People are advised to avoid eating or drinking at restaurants or bars, but takeout and delivery are allowed.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Montana

Main street and retail businesses  and churches were allowed to reopen on April 27 at reduced capacity, subject to social distancing protocols.  Restaurants, bars, breweries and distilleries can begin providing some in-establishment services on May 4.  Businesses where groups gather without the ability to social distance, including movie theaters, and gyms, will remain closed.  Montana’s travel quarantine will remain in effect, and out of state travelers and residents arriving from another state or country back to Montana for non-work-related purposes are required to quarantine for 14 days.  Gov. Steve Bullock issued a stay-at-home order, except for essential workers, effective March 28 and outdoor activities have been limited.

Nebraska

On May 4, restaurants will be permitted to allow customers inside at 50% capacity.  Salons, massage businesses, and tattoo parlors will be limited to 10 people at a time, with everyone wearing face coverings.  Houses of worship will be able to meet in person, but with six feet of separation.  Gov. Pete Ricketts ordered that all bars, indoor theaters, hair salons, tattoo parlors and strip clubs be closed, effective April 10.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.  No stay-at-home order has been issued.

Nevada

The state’s stay-at-home ended on May 9.  Most retail establishments reopened – retail businesses are limited to 50% capacity and hair salons can operate by reservations only.  On May 1, retails stores, including cannabis dispensaries,  were allowed to reopen for curbside pickup, and golf courses and tennis courts opened with restrictions.  Casinos, bars, bowling alleys, movie theaters and tattoo parlors have been ordered to remain closed.  Gov. Steve Sisolak issued a stay-at-home order, effective April 1.  Residents are ordered to stay at home, with exceptions for leaving for certain essential jobs or obtaining services from essential business, including grocery stores. All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Gatherings of 10 people or more are banned.  Everyone entering the state is required to self-quarantine for 14 days, even if they have no symptoms of COVID-19.  The advisory does not apply to essential workers, including in the health care and food supply industries.

New Jersey

Access to Newark Liberty Airport will be limited to ticketed passengers, airport employees and others who need to enter the airport for business.  All state parks will reopen on May 2, but social distancing will continue to be mandated.  On April 18, marinas, boatyards, boat launches, and golf courses have reopened for recreational use; golfers will have to walk the course and carry their own bags as the use of golf carts is still banned.  Gov. Phil Murphy issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 21.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.  Restaurants and bars are required to close, except for takeout or delivery orders.  All state and county parks and forests are closed.  All casinos, gyms and movie theaters have been completely shut down.  The CDC issued a travel advisory urging residents to refrain from non-essential domestic travel.

New Mexico

On April 30, non-essential retail stores were allowed to offer curbside pickup, golf courses,  veterinarians, pet adoption places, and pet groomers/boarders were allowed to reopen.  Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced  a statewide stay-at-home order, beginning March 24.  All New Mexicans are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.  The governor also declared that all businesses, except those deemed essential to public health, safety and well-being, will be ordered closed.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

New York 

Access to John F. Kennedy and LaGuardia Airports will be limited to ticketed passengers, airport employees and others who need to enter the airport for business.  On April 18, marinas, boatyards, boat launches, and golf courses have reopened for recreational use; golfers will have to walk the course and carry their own bags as the use of golf carts is still banned.  Gov. Andrew Cuomo ordered a statewide “Pause,” effective March 21.  Residents are urged to remain in their homes except for essentials, including groceries and medicine, to limit the spread of the Coronavirus.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Non-essential gatherings are restricted, and residents are being asked to limit outdoor recreational activities to non-contact activities.  The CDC issued a travel advisory urging residents to refrain from non-essential domestic travel, and people who have recently left New York City are advised to self-quarantine for 14 days.  Dare County:  Only permanent residents with proper identification – including a permanent resident entry permit – are allowed to enter the county; checkpoints have been set up around the county to stop visitors and non-resident property owners from entering the summer vacation area.

North Carolina

On May 8, retails stores reopened at 50% capacity, childcare faculties reopened for children of working parents and gatherings of up to 10 people will be allowed outdoors.  Gov. Roy Cooper issued a stay-at-home order, effective March 30.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  Residents will still be able to leave for essential reasons, including to get food or medicine, for outdoor exercise or to help others, but must maintain social distancing of at least 6 feet from other people.  The order limits gatherings to 10 people or less.

North Dakota

Non-essential businesses began a phased reopening on May 1, but they must maintain social distancing protocols, provide contactless payment systems and hand sanitizer, and encourage the wearing of face masks.  Movie theaters must limit admittance to 20% capacity and keep at least two empty seats between guests.  Campgrounds in the state may open May 9, but people cannot rent cabins.  Despite an active online petition trying to force the governor to issue a stay-at-home order, Gov. Doug Burgum did not issue one.  All travelers arriving to North Dakota from international locations and states with widespread Coronavirus outbreaks must quarantine immediately for 14 days; essential infrastructure workers are exempt.

Ohio

On May 1, Ohio implemented a gradual plan to open, starting with businesses that will be able to incorporate social distancing, cleaning protocols and other measures to reduce the spread of the virus,, such as dental and veterinaries offices, and health procedures that don’t require an overnight hospital stay were allowed to resume.  On May 4, manufacturing, distribution, construction and general business environments were allowed to reopen.  All consumer, retailer, and other services will be allowed to reopen on May 12.  Other businesses, including restaurants, gyms, bars, and hair salons must remain closed.  Gov. Mike DeWine announced a statewide stay-at-home mandate, effective March 23.  The order allows exceptions, such as going to the grocery store, picking up  restaurant carryout, going to a park (use of playground equipment is prohibited), taking care of neighbors or family members, weddings, and funerals.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.  Essential businesses and restaurants for takeout will be allowed to stay open.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.

Oklahoma

On May 1, restaurants, movie theaters, sporting venues and gyms reopened, following strict social distancing and sanitization protocols.  Nature parks and zoos, spas, tanning salons reopened on April 24; hair and nail salons are open by appointment only.  Bars have been ordered to remain closed.  People over age 65 are urged to stay home.  Gov. Kevin Stitt  issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 25.  The order restricts any gatherings of 10 or more people and closes all non-essential businesses.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.  Travelers from New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, California, Louisiana and Washington are required to undergo a 14-day quarantine.  Delivery personnel are to submit to screenings upon request at health care facilities.

Oregon

On May 1 hospitals, surgical centers, medical offices, and dental offices that meet requirements for Covid-19 safety and preparedness will be able to resume non-urgent procedures.  Gov. Kate Brown issued a statewide stay-at-home order, except for essential needs.  The order, effective March 23, prohibits all non-essential social and recreational gatherings, regardless of size.  The order closes retail businesses in which close personal contact is difficult to avoid, such as barbershops, arcades, gyms and theaters.  Businesses that are not closed by the order must implement social distancing policies in order to remain open.  Failure to follow the new order could be punished as a misdemeanor.  Brown said, “If businesses are not complying with this order, we will shut them down.”  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Pennsylvania

The governor is working on guidelines for moving forward with reopening regions and businesses on May 8.  On May 1, the governor announced that golf courses, marinas, guided fishing trips, and privately owned campgrounds could reopen statewide, provided they follow social distancing guidelines.  Gov.  Tim Wolf issued stay-at-home orders, effective April 1.  All non-life saving businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents may only leave their homes to perform essential activities, and while engaging in outdoor activities such as walking or running is allowed, people must maintain social distancing.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Puerto Rico

On May 1, Gov. Vázquez-Garced issued an executive order modifying the April 12 order, which allows certain commercial essential businesses, activities and services to resume operations on May 4.  Non-essential workers should continue teleworking, and a maximum of five non-essential employees will be authorized to go to the workplace two days a week.  In-person medical and dental appointments and surgeries have resumed.  The curfew and lockdown remain in effect.  Gov. Wanda Vázquez-Garced issued an executive order on March 15 ordering all retail establishments and non-essential businesses to close and imposed a curfew between 9 pm and 5 am only to buy food or medicine or to go to the bank, and everyone is required to wear a face mask to enter any business.

South Carolina

On May 18, close contact service providers, fitness and exercise centers, gyms and commercial pools will be reopened in a limited capacity.  Restaurants were opened on May 11 with restrictions.  Gov. Henry McMastero reopened certain sectors of the economy, at 20% capacity, on April 20, starting with clothing, department, furniture, jewelry, florists, flea markets and sporting goods stores.  Public beaches have reopened, although local governments are allowed to keep them closed.  Barber shops, beauty salons, bingo halls, gyms and nightclubs must remain closed.  Travelers from New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and the city of New Orleans will be ordered to isolate or self-quarantine for 14-days or for the duration of their trip. The order does not apply to people employed by airlines, performing or assisting with the military, health care or emergency response.

South Dakota

Gov. Kristi Noem has pledged not to issue a stay-at-home order.

Tennessee

Gov. Lee issued a new executive order to replace his previous stay-at-home order, which allows businesses to reopen in industries that can be safely accomplished by following health guidelines, while urging employers to allow or require remote work if possible.  Gov. Bill Lee announced that the statewide stay-at-home order, issued April 2, will not be extended past April 30.  Some businesses around the state will reopen, but social distancing must continue.  Restaurants in certain counties reopened on April 27, but dine-in capacity must not exceed 50%.  Retail outlets and gyms have been allowed to reopen in most counties.  Close contact services, like salons and barbershops, were allowed to reopen on May 6 in 89 of the state’s 95 counties.

Texas

On May 18, non-essential manufacturing and business offices will be allowed to reopen, as well as gyms and exercise facilities, at 25% capacity following social distancing guidelines.  On May 8, salons were allowed to reopen, with restrictions.  On May 1, all retail stores, restaurants, movie theaters, malls, museums, and libraries were permitted to reopen, but at 25% capacity.  On April 24, stores reopened with “retail-to-go”, with face coverings required.   State parks have reopened.  Gov. Greg Abbott  issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective April 2.  All Texans must minimize non-essential gatherings and in-person contact with people who are not in the same household.  All schools will remain closed for the rest of the school year.  Abbott also ordered 14-day quarantines for people flying to Texas from New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Washington, California, Louisiana, Miami, Detroit, Chicago and Atlanta or motorists driving from Louisiana.

Utah

On May 1, the state will allow restaurants to offer dine-in service with “extreme precaution,” and personal service business, such as hair salons, can reopen with social distancing protocols.  The state will allow gyms to reopen, but recommends they remain closed.  Gov. Gary Herbert issued a Stay Safe, Stay Home order effective March 27.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.

Virginia

Elective surgery and dental procedures have resumed.  Gov. Ralph Northam issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 30.  Residents are required to stay at home unless leaving to get food, supplies, going to work, seeking medical care or going outside to get exercise.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Schools across the state have been closed for the remainder of the school year.  Beaches are now closed except to those exercising or fishing.  Ocean Freight:  The Port of Virginia will cease container operations at Portsmouth Marine Terminal (PMT) beginning May 4 due to a reduction of import volumes; vessel services and containers moving across PMT will be integrated into operations at Virginia International Gateway (VIG) and Norfolk International Terminals (NIT)

Washington

On May 5, most state parks and recreational areas will be reopened, including golf courses, which are limited to parties of 2, and non-contact businesses, such as lawn car and car washes were allowed to resume operations.  Non-essential businesses are prohibited from having customers in their stores.  On May 4, individual counties can request an exception to state Coronavirus regulations on businesses, but the county must have fewer than 75,000 people and have no new COVID-19 cases for three consecutive weeks in order to apply.  No overnight camping is permitted on any public land.  Gov. Jay Inslee issued a statewide “Stay Home, Stay Healthy” order on March 23, requiring Washington residents to stay at home.  Exceptions are made for critical jobs and grocery shopping.  The order includes a ban on all gatherings and the closure of non-essential businesses.

West Virginia

A new order issued April 30, encourages people to stay home but doesn’t require it, and allows elective medical procedures to resume and dentists to go back to work.  Restaurants, churches, profession services, like salons reopened on May 4.  On May 7,  some local businesses will be allowed to reopen, including pharmacies, chiropractors, psychologists, physical therapists, social workers, and others.  All businesses reopening will require personnel to sanitize, physically distance and wear face coverings.  More businesses may be allowed to reopen on May 11, if this week continues on track.  Gov. Jim Justice declared a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 24.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to closed.   People who can work from home are advised to do so.  Residents are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare.  Out-of-state citizens are required to self-quarantine for 14 days, and State Police will be monitoring state roads and highways to enforce the executive order.

Wisconsin

On May 11, standalone and strip mall retail stores reopened at limited capacity.  Some non-essential businesses like dog groomers, small-engine repair shops, upholstery businesses, outdoor recreational rentals like boats, golf carts, kayaks, ATVs and automatic or self-service car washes were allowed to open for curbside drop-off on May 1, as long as they operate “free of contact with customers.”  On April 24, public libraries were allowed to reopen  to provide curb-side pickup.  Arts and crafts stores may offer expanded curbside pickup of materials necessary to make face masks and other PPE.  Golf courses and state parks have reopened.  Gov. Tony Evers issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective March 25.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  People who can work from home are advised to do so. The order allows Wisconsin residents to leave the house for essential tasks such as visiting the doctor, caring for family members in another household or getting groceries, but people should stay at home as much as possible.

Wyoming

A statewide economic reopening will begin on May 15.  Bars and restaurants will be allowed to reopen to indoor table service with restrictions, and all workers are required to wear face coverings.  On May 1, gyms and personal service businesses, such as hair and nail salons, were allowed to reopen under tight restrictions.  The Wyoming Medical Association sent a letter to Gov. Mark Gordon urging him to issue a stay-at-home order “before it was too late,” but has yet to issue one.  Travelers are required to quarantine for 14 days.

3. AMERICAS

South America has seen particularly high airfreight rates.  The market is beginning to balance again, and there are “pockets of availability” even though most airlines are booked through the end of July.

Argentina

Residents are now allowed to leave their homes, up to 500 meters, for recreational activities.  The Argentina government has declared a national health emergency, and imposed a total quarantine.  Many businesses are working from home.  All domestic flights are suspended and all commercial flight sales have been banned  through September 1.  Air Freight:  Capacity will be constrained, and in some cases unavailable.

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro has declared a state of emergency.  Shopping centers have been ordered to close and restrictions have been placed on bars and restaurants.  Schools are closed.  Low cost carriers have suspended all international flights between March 23 and June 30.  All ports are open and operational.  Brazil has banned entry of any non-resident national.

Canada

Ontario and Quebec have ordered all non-essential businesses to close.  Nova Scotia has gone into a state of emergency, and health officials there are urging citizens to stay home.  Borders are closed to anyone who is not a citizen, permanent resident, or an American citizen.  Anyone arriving in Canada must undergo a 14-day self-isolation period upon arrival, with the exception of workers who are essential to the movement of goods and people.  Canadian citizens not currently in Canada are advised to return to Canada immediately.  On Mach 18, the U.S. and Canada agreed to close their shared border to non-essential travel, but will allow goods to continue to flow between the two countries.  Air Freight:  Overseas flights have been restricted to just four airports in Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, and Vancouver.  All passengers must be screened for symptoms of the virus prior to boarding.  Domestic Freight:  Truck drivers entering Canada from the U.S. are now required to wear face coverings. Rail Freight:  Slight delays have been reported due to a backlog from the blockades/shutdown in February.

Columbia

The country is in quarantine, and a curfew has been imposed, effective March 24.  People over the age of 70 were told to remain indoors.  Ports and airports remain operational.

Costa Rica

All international flights have been suspended.

Dominican Republic

All flights from Europe have been suspended.

El Salvador

On May 8, El Salvador began a more restrictive lockdown; residents are only permitted to shop for groceries twice a week and all public transportation has been suspended.  Citizens will not be allowed to travel between jurisdictions, unless they have a written document justifying their movement.  The country has been in strict lockdown since March 23, and citizens have been under a strict curfew — only one person from each family is allowed to leave to procure essential goods. Those who did not comply with quarantine orders could be sent to contingency centers, where they would be required to quarantine for 30 days. Borders have been closed to all passengers. Freight is still being moved, but slowly.

Guatemala

The country is in lockdown.  Restricted movement for basic needs.

Honduras

A stay-at-home order has been issued.  All borders have been closed.

Mexico

President Obrador announced a plan for the “gradual” resumption of economic activities on May 13; beginning May 18, industries like construction, mining, and car and truck manufacture will be allowed to operate under certain health protocols.  Other parts of the economy could reopen by June 1.  On March 29, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador issued a nationwide stay-at-home order.  All non-essential activities in the public and private sectors are suspended, and many businesses are working from home.  Social distancing protocols and movement restirctions have been put in place.   All schools are closed.  Grupo Modelo announced they are halting production of Corona, Modelo and Pacifico beers because the Mexican government has shuttered non-essential businesses.

Panama

Measures have been implemented which restrict the weekdays that citizens can go out by gender; women can leave their homes on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and men can leave their homes on the alternate days, although no one is allowed outdoors on Sundays.  The Panama Canal has reduced their workforce as booking cancellations surge, from 10,000 down to 3,600.  Vessels transiting the canal are required to report conditions onboard, including any illnesses and any crew changes that have occurred within 14 days of arrival at the port.  Ships will be quarantined if any there are any confirmed or suspected cases onboard.  The Panama Canal Authority has also issued draft restrictions for neo-panamaxes based on the present and predicted levels of Gatun Lake.  Effective March 30, the maximum authorized draft to vessels transiting the neo-panamax locks is 45.5 feet Tropical Fresh Water (TWF).   Recent rainfall in the Canal watershed has allowed the Panama Canal Authority to suspend the second advisory, which was scheduled to take effect on April 17.  Vessels with drafts over the restricted TFW will be required to trim or off-load cargo in order to transit the canal.  The Panama Canal Authority will continue to monitor the level of Gatun Lake in order to announce future draft adjustments.

Peru

Measures have been implemented which restrict the weekdays that citizens can go out by gender; men can leave their homes on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and women can leave their homes on the alternate days, although no one is allowed outdoors on Sundays.  The Peruvian government has declared a state of emergency, and the country is in lockdown.  Residents are only allowed out for essentials, such as shopping and doctor’s visits.  All international flights have been halted.  Customs is working with a skeleton staff and will prioritize essential shipments of food and healthcare.

4. EUROPE

The European Commission has closed the European Union’s external borders to all non-essential travel for non-citizens.  Emmanuel Macron, President of France, has suggested that the entire Schengen area should remain in lockdown with closed borders until September over concerns of a second wave of the Coronavirus outbreak if Europe’s borders are reopened too soon. Business travelers are required to provide proof of employment in order to cross the border.  Transport of goods is not restricted, but cross-border traffic is facing severe delays due to long lines for customs checks.  Factory production is slow.

The EU announced export controls on shipments of personal protective equipment as countries attempt to maintain their supplies amid the outbreak.  The Commission has waived customs duties and VAT on the import of medical equipment from non-EU countries.

Ocean Freight:  Space and equipment shortages are being reported in all locations.  Atlantic trade is relatively stable.  A rate increase has been announced for exports to North America and Mexico.

Domestic Trucking:  Significant delays, of up to 14 hours, have been reported at border crossings across the EU.  Trucking shortages are being reported in and out of affected countries.  Some countries have implemented a 14-day quarantine for truckers coming from Italy.

4.1 WESTERN EUROPE

Belgium

The country has announced that its peak has passed.  On May 11, all shops will be allowed to reopen with virus-related restrictions, and schools are set to reopen on May 18 with strict distancing between children and reduced class sizes.  Restaurants will reopen on June 8.  Everyone over the age of 12 will have to wear face coverings on public transport.  A national lockdown was on March 17.  All non-essential businesses have been closed.  Schools, restaurants, and bars are closed.  Gatherings in general are banned.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Shops are only open for limited hours.  Public transport has also been limited.  Health screenings are likely upon arrival.  Ocean Freight:  Port of Antwerp:  Some surcharges will be applied for terminal entries.  The port also announced that employees will begin testing new digital social distancing monitoring bracelets, which vibrate when wearers come to close, in an effort to protect them from Coronavirus infection.  Domestic Trucking:  Some haulage suppliers are charging COVID-19 surcharges.

France

On May 11 shops were allowed to reopen, but bars and restaurants must remain closed  Citizens can now leave their homes without paperwork, except for those commuting during rush hour in Paris.  Public transit will begin operating at 70% capacity.  Schools will begin to reopen progressively.  A full national lockdown was implemented on March 16.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close, with most people working from home, and restrictions were placed on non-essential movement (grocery shopping, medical care and work movement only).  Public gatherings and walks outdoors are prohibited.  Restaurants and bars are closed.  Shops are likely to be open during limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities have been prohibited.  Public transportation is limited to necessary activities, including buying only essential groceries.  Violators of the lockdown will be punished.  The restrictive measures announced on March 16 by the French government  are affecting the working conditions of supply chain personnel, yet all sectors are strongly mobilized.  Air Freight:  KE, EK, ASL, AF are operating at CDG.  Very few airlines are accepting bookings to and from countryside airports.  Some airlines are maintaining PAX routes for cargo-only.  Freight rates are experiencing impressive inflation while the fuel surcharge is reportedly falling.  Airline trucking is only running 2 days a week.  Ocean Freight:  Shipping companies are reducing capacity as demand for imports and exports drop.  All services at Port of Le Havre, Rouen and Paris are operational, with reduced staffing levels.  Some shipping lines have announced blank sailings due to decreased demand for cargo.  Export situation is getting better.  Containers arriving from the Far East are easing the empty container shortage.  Domestic Trucking:  Schengen area borders have been closed for 30 days.  After considerable disruption on the road, the French government issued new measures to facilitate freight transport which include guarantees for access to truckers and logistics workers.  The trucking companies are partly operational.  Some, however, give priority to strategic freight (medical products in the broad sense, cleaning products and foodstuffs).

Ireland

The country will begin a phased reopening on May 18.  The Prime Minister announced a national lockdown on March 27, and all non-EU travelers have been prohibited from entering the country.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close, including pubs.  Shops are open limited hours, and restaurants and cafes are only allowed to serve takeout.  The Foreign Office has advised Irish nationals against all non-essential travel for 30 days.  Self-quarantine measures for 14 days have been put in place for anyone entering the country.  Large gatherings are restricted – all schools and childcare facilities have been closed, and cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport limited.  Ocean Freight:  The ferry company Seatruck Ferries has temporarily stopped transporting HGV drivers or any other passengers in their Irish Sea vessels.  Accompanied road transport (complete truck combinations with driver) is stopped until further notice, but the company will continue carrying unaccompanied semi-trailers, containers and swap bodies.  Domestic Trucking:  Truckers’ working hours have been increased to keep supply chains moving.

The Netherlands

Schools, restaurants, and bars are closed.  Gatherings in general are banned.  Businesses are limiting the number of staff in the office and employees are encouraged to work from home, where possible.  Shops are only open for limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport has also been limited.   Health screenings are likely upon arrival.  The Belgium border is closed to people, but not the transport of goods.  Domestic Trucking:  Drivers are encouraged to use PPE when loading and unloading trucks.

Scotland

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced a national lockdown, effective March 23.  Non-essential businesses have been closed and residents are advised to stay home with exception for essential shopping, exercise, medical reasons, or travel to/from essential work.  Gatherings of more than two people are prohibited, unless part of a household or related to essential work.  are restricted to immediate family only.  Powers of enforcement will be used if necessary, likely in the form of fines.  All schools are closed.

UK

Effective May 13, residents can exercise outdoors and leave their homes for leisure purposes.  British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has issued a country wide lockdown order, effective March 23.  Under the measures, people will only be allowed to leave home for a few very limited purposes, including shopping for basic necessities “as infrequently as possible,” one form of exercise a day done alone or with household members, medical reasons or traveling to work that cannot be done from home or that is absolutely necessary.  Gatherings of more than 2 people – excluding people who live together – are banned.  All shops selling non-essential goods, including clothing and electronics are closed.  Libraries, playgrounds and outdoor gyms, and places of worship are closed.  Social events, including weddings, baptisms and other ceremonies, will also be stopped, but funerals are exempt.  Parks will also remain open for exercise, but any gatherings will be broken up.  The Foreign Office has advised UK nationals against all non-essential travel for 30 days.  Air Freight:  London City Airport is closed until further notice.  British Airways has suspended all flights to and from London’s Gatwick Airport.  Ocean Freight:  All UK container terminals are operating normally.  Domestic Trucking:  Truckers’ working hours have been increased to keep supply chains moving.  Warehousing:  The UK Warehousing Association reported that 90% of warehouses are at full capacity and remaining capacity is likely to be full by early May as imported goods pile up at storage locations due to “devastated consumer demand” amidst the social lockdown.

 4.2 CENTRAL EUROPE

Austria

While thousands of small shops reopened on April 14, strict social-distancing rules remain in place.  No direct flights between Austria and the UK.  Ski resorts are closed, and restaurants and shops are only open at limited hours.  Some borders are closed to passengers, but are open for the movement of goods.  Air Freight:  No direct air connections from Austria to Italy, France, Spain or Switzerland.  Rail:  No connections to Italy, France, Spain or Switzerland.  Domestic Trucking:  An 80 kilometer backup has been reported coming into the country from Italy.

Croatia

On April 27, shops not in large shopping centers reopened and public transport started running in cities.  The country is on partial lockdown, and citizens are urged to avoid public areas.  Foreign nationals will be put in self-quarantine for 14 days.  Borders are closed.  Travelers may be asked for proof of accommodation.  Domestic Trucking:  Truckers from Italy, China, South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Bahrain, Iran, Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Austria, UK, the Netherlands, Sweden and Slovenia, except for drivers in transit, will be put in a compulsory 14-day quarantine.

Czech Republic

On May 18, hair salons and shopping centers will be allowed to reopen, and on May 25, restaurants, theaters, and hotels will begin reopening..  The nationwide quarantine has been lifted and all businesses have reopened.  Residents are now lowed to gather outside in groups of 10 and citizens can begin travelling abroad.  On April 27, some stores, libraries, fitness centers and universities reopened and residents were allowed to gather outside in groups of 10.  Beginning May 4, residents can begin to travel abroad, but they will be tested for Coronavirus upon their return.  Hairdressers and shopping centers will be allowed to reopen on May 11, and restaurants, theaters and hotel will reopen on May 25.  On April 9, the Czech Republic lifted some restrictions on exercise and opened some sports facilities.  The country declared a nationwide quarantine, effective March 16.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Residents are only allowed outside from 10:00 – 12:00 if they wear face masks.  Only people over 65 are allowed to go grocery shopping.   Air Freight:  The majority of passenger air flights have been grounded.  Cargo shipments remain possible, but with very limited connections.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are open and carriers are making calls.  Domestic Trucking:  Trucks are operating normally, but with expected slowdown due to strict border controls.  Severe delays have been reported at the Polish border.  Rail:  The number of trains has decreased due to lack of volume.

Germany

Following the easing of restrictions, the infection rate has risen, and health officials are scrambling to contain fresh outbreaks at slaughterhouses, with 180 cases reported at a single slaughterhouse in Coesfeld.  Restaurants are set to reopen in mid-May.  On May 9, hair salons, playgrounds, churches, museums, and some schools reopened.  Small shops across the country reopened the week before, ranging from florists to bookshops and bike shops, and Volkswagen reopened one of its major plants.  Germans have been urged to remain at home and to continue practicing social distancing, although people in one household can meet with another household now.  Residents are warned against worldwide travel.   On March 13, the government ordered a nationwide lockdown.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Citizens who have traveled Italy, Switzerland, or Austria 14 days before arrival in the country are required to self-quarantine for 14 days.  Restrictions on non-essential movement – all outdoor activities, except for essentials like grocery shopping and doctor’s visits, are prohibited.  Oktoberfest has been cancelled.  Ocean Freight:  Backlogs in Rotterdam are affecting imports and exports.  Port container yards are at near-capacity.  Domestic Trucking:  Weekend traffic bans for truck drivers has been lifted.  Severe delays have been reported at border crossings.  Warehousing:  Warehouses throughout the country are at near capacity.

Hungary

Coffee shops, restaurants and hotels will gradually reopen throughout May.  Small retail stores reopened the first week of May.  On March 27, Prime Minister Viktor Orban imposed a nationwide lockdown.  Public gatherings are banned and non-essential businesses are closed.  Citizens are only permitted out of their homes for groceries and limited exercise.  Residents over 65 can only shop between 9 am and noon.  Restaurants can only open for delivery and take-out services.  Land borders have been closed to all non-citizens.  Domestic Trucking:  Hungary has temporarily reopened its borders to truckers and eased restrictions on road freight traffic entering the country in an effort to reduce congestion at its borders.

Poland

Some shops reopened on April 19, and hotels, outdoor sports venues, and shopping centers reopened on May 4.  The Prime Minister has declared a state of emergency, effective March 13.  Non-essential businesses have been ordered to close, including restaurants, bars, and casinos.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Anyone entering the country will be quarantined for 14 days, with the exception of truck drivers.  Domestic Trucking:  Severe delays have been reported at the Czech Republic border.

Slovakia

Businesses have started to reopen.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Public events have been banned.

Slovenia

All flights have been suspended.

Sri Lanka

The country has been closed and many businesses are working from home.  Ban on entry to UK travelers.  Air Freight:  All flights have been suspended, except for essential services.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are only open for essential services.  Carriers are partially open, but many are working from home.  Domestic Trucking:  Essential services only with limited truckers.  Customs:  Exports is open only for a limited number of hours.  Imports is open only for perishable and medicinal cargo.

Switzerland

Land borders have been closed to all non-citizens.   Restrictions on non-essential movement, and public gatherings have been limited.  Bars and restaurants are closed.  Shops are open limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Only Swiss citizens are allowed entry into the territory from Italy, France, Germany, and Austria.  Air Freight:  Some flights have been suspended.

Ukraine

Restrictions were eased on May 11.  The Ukraine closed its borders to foreign citizens on March 15.  Public institutions are closed and transportation is limited.

4.3 NORTHERN EUROPE

Denmark

On May 18, restaurants, cafes and shopping malls will be allowed to reopen and other children will return to school.  On April 27, courts and businesses like hair salons, dentists, spas and piercing studios reopened.  Schools and daycare centers reopen on April 15. A nationwide lockdown order was issued on March 11.  Gatherings of over 10 people have been banned.  Schools, restaurants, libraries and other businesses are closed.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Air Freight:  Main airlines have either closed down or reduced the number of flights.  Movement of cargo in and out of Denmark has been drastically reduced.  Domestic Trucking: International truckers are advised to use the following border crossing points: Frøslev, Sæd or Kruså, although Kruså  is not accessible for vehicles above 3.5 tonnes. Border crossing at Padborg and other smaller border crossings are closed.

Estonia

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.

Finland

Self-quarantine for 14 days for anyone entering the country.  Borders are closed for non-essential travel, and travelers may be asked for proof of accommodation.  Some restrictions have been placed on movement.  Fully operational on all fronts (sea, land, and air).  Many people are working from home.  Domestic Trucking:  Entry at eastern border crossing points will be restricted to certain hours.

Iceland

Large gatherings are prohibited.  Restaurants and bars have been closed.  Shops are open for limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport is limited.

Latvia

Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Schools are closed.

Lithuania

Shops, open-air restaurants, and malls have reopened.  While customer service businesses – including hairdressers, museums, and libraries – were allowed to reopen on April 27, only one person per 10 square meters is allowed inside at a time.  Vilnius, the country’s capital, will be converted into an open-air cafe so that nearby restaurants can appropriately distance tables.  The Lithuanian government has announced a two-week nationwide quarantine.  Borders have been closed to foreign travelers, but are open to cargo shipments.  Freight Transport:  The number of border crossing points to enter Lithuania have been reduced to the following: Kalvarijos–Budzisko, Saločių–Grenstalės, Būtingės–Rucavos, Smėlynės–Medumės, Medininkų–Kamenyj Logo, Raigardo–Privalkos, Kybartų–Černyševskojės, Panemunės–Sovetsko, Kenos–Gudagojo, Šalčininkų–Benekainių, Mockavos-Trakiškių, Lazdijų–Ogrodnikų, Vilnius, Kaunas, Palanga, Šiauliai international airports, Vilnius railway station and Stasylai railway border crossing points and Klaipeda seaport.  Border crossing for commercial & international freight transport is additionally carried out through Stasylai-Benekainiai railway border crossing point and Pagėgiai-Sovetsk railway border crossing point.

Norway

Some small businesses, including hair salons, have been allowed to reopen and schools began reopening on April 20.  Residents will continue working from home, and major events are cancelled through at least June 15.  A nation-wide lockdown was implemented on March 12.  Non-essential businesses and schools are closed.  Airports and ports have been closed to foreign travelers.  Anyone entering the country from countries other than Sweden and Finland will be placed in 14-day quarantine.  Air Freight:  Nine small airports have been closed to free up resources to support other airport, including Vardø, Berlevåg, Sørkjosen, Stokmarknes, Svolvær, Mo i Rana, Mosjøen, Førde, and Sandane.

Sweden

Only social distancing measures have been put in place, and gatherings of more than 50 people are banned.  Almost all businesses are open.  High schools and universities are closed, but primary schools are still open.   Borders are open.  Air Freight:  All Scandinavian Airlines flights have been suspended.

4.4 SOUTHERN EUROPE

Portugal

Hair salons, repair shops, dry cleaners, and other businesses have reopened.  Masks are mandatory in all public spaces.  Land border restrictions with Spain.  Flights from outside the EU have been suspended (not including UK, U.S., Canada, Portuguese speaking countries, Venezuela, and South Africa).  All travelers will be self-quarantined for 14 days.  Restrictions on non-essential movement are likely to be imposed.  Air Freight:  As passenger flights from Lisbon and Porto Airports  to/from Luanda; Cape Verde, Sao Tomé, Spain, Italy, China and the U.S. have been canceled, cargo is being transported by charters.  Ocean Freight:  Ports in Lisbon and Setubal are congested after a temporary dockworker strike.  Domestic Trucking: Only major borders with Spain are open for international freight transport, including Quintanilha, Tui, Vilar Formoso, Elvas, Castro Marim, Vila Verde de Raia (Chaves), Monfortinho (Castelo Branco), Marvão (Portalegre) and Vila Verde de Ficalho (Beja).

Spain

On May 11, health authorities allowed certain regions to scale back their lockdowns, with limited seating at bars, restaurants, and other public places.  Stores, hotels, gyms, and museums have been allowed to reopen.  Madrid and Barcelona, both badly hit by the pandemic, will remain shut down.  Non-essential workers in industries like manufacturing and construction returned to work on May 9.  Spanish authorities declared a national lockdown on March 15.  All non-essential activities were ordered to stop and stay-at-home orders were issued.  Borders are closed to foreign travelers, but are open only for essential cargo shipments related to food and healthcare supply chains.  Measures to limit the movement of people have been put in place, and travel has been reduced to only what is strictly necessary.  Hotels and short-stay accommodations were ordered to close by March 24.  Air Freight:  Some flights are suspended, and only transport of  goods considered essential for food and healthcare are allowed.  Ocean Freight:  Transport of any goods not considered essential for food and healthcare is not allowed.  Domestic Trucking:  Transport of any goods not considered essential for food and healthcare is not allowed.  Customs:  Only goods considered essential for food and healthcare are being cleared.

Greece

Greece has begun gradually lifting its restrictive measures after 42 days in lockdown.  Residents can low leave their homes and do not require a permit justifying being outdoors.  Hair salons, barber shops, and stores selling books, sporting goods, stationary and other items can now reopen with strict hygiene and social distancing protocols.  Masks are now required for all staff and customers in shops and on public transport, and authorities are strongly recommending face coverings in all indoor public areas.  Borders with Albania and North Macedonia are closed.  Travelers entering the country will be self-quarantined for 14 days for anyone, with the exception of  truck drivers operating international freight transport.  Large gatherings are restricted.  Restaurants and bars are closed, and shops are open limited hours.  Cultural and sporting activities are prohibited.  Public transport limited.

Italy

While some businesses, like bookshops, have reopened, most of the restrictions remain in place.  Building sites and factories reopen on May 4, along with restaurants and bars, which can open for takeout.  Italy’s worst-hit regions, such as Lombardy, are not allowing any restrictions to be lifted yet.  Borders are closed, but are open for the movement of goods.  Only essential services and manufacturing operations are allowed to stay open.  Travel within Italy is restricted for working and medical purposes only.  Public and private gatherings are forbidden   Air Freight:  Milan-Linate Airport has been closed since March 13.  Ocean Freight:  Shipping lines are operating despite difficult conditions, including lack of equipment (esp. reefers), blank sailings and rollovers.  Carriers have announced Peak Season Surcharges. Genoa port terminal has announced reduced staffing and operations.  Some carriers are moving their fleets to La Spezia.  Domestic Trucking:  Severe delays, up to 80 kilometers,  have been reporting passing into Austria.

Malta

All foreign travelers have been advised to leave as soon as possible.  Persons entering the country must spend 14 days in mandatory quarantine.  Domestic Trucking:  The quarantine is also obligatory for drivers arriving with their trucks in Malta.  In order to avoid quarantine, transport companies should ship the trailer / container unaccompanied.

5. ASIA

Trucking:  Lockdowns in Asia are impeding cargo flows across the continent.  Strict measures to contain the spread of Coronavirus, such as only allowing essential cargo, are creating confusion over how to interpret the new regulations.  The confusion has been particularly severe in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam.  A major congestion hotspot has been the China-Vietnam border crossing between Pingxiang and Lang Son due to enhanced customs checks and screening of drivers, with some 2,000 trucks queuing to cross.  Using rail to mitigate delays from tightened border controls is helping.  S

Ocean Freight:  We are also seeing some increase in container rollovers at ports in China as well as at transhipment hubs.  In the Philippines, containers are piling up at the port of Manila, prompting ICTSI to plead with shippers to collect their cargo, and finding enough truck capacity to clear the backlog is a challenge.

Bangladesh

On April 26, factories with export orders in Chattogram have restarted operations on a limited scale, in compliance with health protection rules.  Bangladesh imposed a total lockdown of the country.  Mass market restrictions and closures have been enforced, including Customs, airports, airlines, ports, shipping lines, ICDs, manufacturers and business offices.  Water, rail, and air travel has been suspended and public transport on roadways has been banned.  Logistics and freight forwarding businesses in Bangladesh have been devastated by the pandemic, which has led to a nosedive in transportation of goods by land, air, and ocean.  Exporters are facing increasing numbers of cancelled orders.  Air Freight:  All regular cargo flights and special cargo flights will remain operational.  The cargo village at Hazrat Shahjalala International Airport is reporting severe congestion due to slow delivery of goods and many importers not taking delivery of their goods.  Ocean Freight:  Bangladesh’s key seaport, Chittagong, is facing acute congestion in its yard as the lockdown restricts the flow of goods.  As of March 30, some 40,469 teu of containers remain in the area, against its total capacity of some 49,000 teu.  All foreign ships arriving Chattagram port will be quarantined for 16 days. The government has blocked shore passes for all vessel crews from abroad, and crew-changing has been suspended for an indefinite period.  If crew change is unavoidable, a 14 days self-quarantine is required.  If any crew member needs to go home for an emergency, they must first undergo a 14 day-isolation period.   Domestic Freight:  Trucks, covered vans and vehicles carrying medicine, fuel and perishable items will remain out of the purview of the lockdown.  Rail Freight:  The Bangladesh Railway Authority has also suspended all local, commuter and mail train services across the country until further notice.  The government has doubled rail cargo capacity on the Chittagong-Dhaka-Chittagong route to ensure a smooth supply of essential goods from the port.  Customs:  Customs is only releasing essential commodities (such as food, pharmaceuticals, and PPE), due to a limited number of officials still working.

Cambodia

A countrywide stay-at-home order has been issued, effective April 1.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.

China

The COVID-19 situation in China remains stable, and offices, except in Wuhan, are operating as usual.  Factory production has not yet returned to normal output.  Beijing announced on March 27, a temporary ban on all foreign visitors, including those with visas or residence permits due to the “rapid spread of COVID-19 across the world.”  Furthermore, the Chinese government is limiting Chinese and foreign airlines to just 1 flight per week.  While the city of Wuhan was officially reopened on April 8, many shops remain closed, with restaurants reopening only for delivery.  Schools and entertainment venues remain closed, and many neighborhoods are still sealed off; only those with permission from their employers are able to go back to work.  Air Freight:   Shanghai Pudong International Airport has reported the “worst-ever” cargo backlog, due to the surge in export demand for face masks and other medical supplies.  Some cargo planes are being forced to leave nearly empty, and many logistics companies are recommending ocean transportation as a faster option.  China’s new export controls on face masks is adding to the woes, as all shipments must be individually inspected and verified by customs authorities to ensure they are not defective or fraudulent, and many bookings have been cancelled because export shipments are regularly failing customs inspections.  Some airlines are demanding that customers procuring PPE from China  have cargo ready at least four days before a flight, and many shipments are taking five to six days to get from the manufacturer’s dock onto a plane.  While airports are up and running, except for Wuhan airport, many airlines have suspended passenger flights to/from China.  Freighter carriers have also significantly reduced the number of flights, resulting in dramatically reduced capacity and air rate hikes.  Ocean Freight:  While Chinese ports, except in Hubei, are operational, we are seeing blank sailings continue and an increase in container rollovers has been reported at all ports as well as transhipment hubs.  Capacity is limited.  The ports in Hubei are slowly recovering, but are facing a lack of workers.  Overseas ship crews are not allowed to entry into the country.  While Chinese crew members who have sailed for more than 14 days at sea and are in good health condition are allowed to go ashore, Chinese crew with less than 14 days sailing period need to be quarantined for further observation.  Domestic Trucking:  Shanghai Pudong Airport has reported trucks have been stuck in queues for two to three days to drop off shipments due to a surge in global demand for face masks and other medical supplies. While most of the trucking services have recovered, with the exception of Hubei Province, trucking capacity is less than adequate, and we are seeing trucking costs increase.  This trend is expected to continue until operations return to normal.  Shippers are advised to pre-book in advance.  Pre-declaration and pre-registration are required for Chongqing, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai, and Suzhou.  In some high-risk areas in Ningbo, a special permit is required.  Land borders with Kyrgystan are closed, with no compulsory quarantine requirements for non-Chinese truckers, but business operations have been severely affected.  Only Chinese citizens are allowed to cross the border with Tajikistan.

Hong Kong

All border points have been closed, with the exception of Shenzhen Bay, Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge and Airport.  There is a mandatory 14-day quarantine for anyone coming in from China.  All visa visitors are denied entry.

India

The Indian government has relaxed lockdown rules and is allowing more industries to reopen with limited staffing.  Factories have opened at 30% staffing.  On April 25 some small convenience stores and agricultural businesses were allowed to reopen, but states are imposing different guidelines around reopening.  The entire country is under complete lockdown until April 14, 2020.  All factories are closed, and there are literally no exports coming out of the county.  Physical movement is not allowed, and a curfew has been imposed.  The lockdown has paralyzed virtually all commerce in the country.  While cargo movement is supposed to be exempt from the lockdown restrictions, we have received widespread reports of supply chain disruption across all modes of transports – air, ocean, and land.  Air Freight:  Airport operations are significantly impacted, with freighter movements impeded due to manpower restrictions; hardly any flights are coming into India due to cargo terminal congestion, especially at temperature-controlled facilities where shipments are not being accepted or permitted.  There are numerous reports of cargo being abandoned amid the “chaos”, and the airports are reporting that their facilities are so “choked”, they can’t even offload boxes from the aircraft.  Many airlines have cancelled even their freighter operations into India due to the acute shortage of staffing, and there is absolutely no cargo movement.  Ocean Freight:  Severe cargo congestion has been reported at key ports and container freight stations, as  importers abandon their cargo amidst the lockdown, especially at Jawaharal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) and Mundra.  As a result, CMA CGM, COSCO, Hapag-Lloyd , Maersk, and MSC have all reportedly omitted calls at Jawaharal Nehru Port Trust and Mundra Port.  The 14-day quarantine on ships calling at India ports is also causing delays and additional costs, and many carriers have announced port congestion surcharges.  Delays have been reported in new booking release, MBL release and import DO issuance.  While India’s federal government has issued an order declaring the transportation of goods by water – including loading and unloading – an essential service, it has also permitted port authorities to declare force majeure.  As port workers are restricted from venturing out of their homes, close to half a dozen ports including Krishnapatnam, Dhamra, Mundra, Tuna, Gopalpur, Karaikal and Gangavaram have declared force majeure and are currently turning away vessels.  CFS’s:  All CFS’s are closed.  Port to CFS and CFS to port operations may resume on April 1.  Domestic Trucking:  $4.5m in goods have been abandoned on India’s roadsides as drivers and helpers run away due to the lack of food, money, clean toilets and proper sanitation, and the goods are at extreme risk of pilferage and damage.  For the few trucks that are able to reach their destination, there are no helpers and other staff to unload the stocks.  There is no movement of commercial vehicles.  Despite the government’s assurances, thousands of trucks carrying food and cooking gas, among other goods and commodities, are reportedly stuck at sealed-off state borders.  The Indian Foundation of Transport Research and Training (IFTRT) has estimated that some 500,000 drivers have been left stranded or have been prevented from crossing state-borders, with police reportedly detaining drivers amid confusion over what is considered an “essential” service.  Drivers are not willing to risk carrying general cargo shipments to and from airports, and even after clearance, may are not willing to take cargo for delivery to urban areas.  Additionally, hundreds of thousands of drivers have fled back to their villages to escape the virus, and drivers still on the roads are struggling to find food and supplies as most restaurants and businesses are closed.  Customs:  Import cargo is not being cleared due to the non-availability of customs authorities, with several locations indicating no officers available.

Indonesia

Residents of the Jakarta metropolitan area are prohibited from traveling to other cities.  All domestic flights and train services have been suspended, and cars and minivans are being checked based upon license plates.  Transportation of goods is permitted.  Effective March 2, foreigners have been banned from entering the country.  Air Freight:  Most airlines have reduced or suspended flights in and out of the country.  Ocean Freight:  Most carriers are working with a skeleton staff.

Japan

Ban on travelers who have been in China, Iran or Italy 14 days prior to arrival.

Malaysia

On May 11, the majority of businesses in the country were allowed to reopen.  Cafes and restaurants must practice social distancing protocols and maintain records of patrons.  Schools and colleges will not reopen and sports will not resume.  A Movement of Control  Order (MCO) has been issued for the entire nation, with the exception of essential services, including cargo transportation.  Only essential goods are allowed for import/export.  For non-essential goods, shippers are required to get prior approval before shipping.  Manufacturing facilities have been shut down and absolutely no production is allowed.  Travel in and out of the country is banned. Foreigners have been banned from entering the country.  Land borders have been closed with the exception of the transport of essential cargo.  Most companies have instituted work from home policies.  All airports and seaports are functional, but priority is given to essential goods.  Air Freight:  All international airports are functioning normally.  Ocean Freight:  MSC and YML are working from home, while others have half staff on duty.  No crew changes are allowed, regardless of nationality at any Malaysian port.  Domestic Trucking:  Non-essential cargo from Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia is banned.  Roadblocks have been set up at border crossings to ensure only essential goods are crossing; delays are expected.  Failure to comply with the MCO will result in heavy fines, imprisonment or both. Customs:  Half of the staff is on duty.

North Korea

The country has shut down flights and train service with neighboring countries.  Recent travelers are ordered to quarantine.  The country claims to have zero cases of the Coronavirus.

Philippines

The Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Disease announced a Community Quarantine wherein domestic travel to/from Metro is suspended.  Offices are closed and many people are working from home. Domestic cargo shipments are exempted from the restrictions.  Executive Government offices will operate on a skeletal work schedule.  Private companies are encouraged to implement flexible work arrangements.  Public transportation has been completely shut down.  Air Freight:  Limited flights from March 20 – April 13.  The Philippines is temporarily suspending the acceptance of air exports, import air breakbulk and customs brokerage services.  Ocean Freight:  The Port in Manila is reporting severe reefer congestion as haulage collections of import containers has been hampered by the city-wide lockdown.  The port also announced a lack of reefer plugs due to the congestion.  The port’s two container terminal operators have sent letters urging carriers, forwarders and shippers to remove the empty containers immediately.  In response, CMA CGM has imposed a $1,400 per reefer port congestion surcharge on shipments to both the Manila and Subic Bay ports.  MSC announced it would be applying a ‘suspension of carriage’ clause and would have to unload reefer containers at other ports; MSC will be advising shippers and forwarders where they may collect their containers.  Domestic Trucking:  Finding enough truck capacity to clear the backlog is a challenge.  Customs:  Customs in Manila is working with a skeleton staff.  No staff in Cebu.

Russian Federation

On March 30, Moscow’s residents were ordered to stay in their houses and will need digital passes for their movements; those who break quarantine and infect others — or spread misinformation about the Coronavirus — will face up to five years in jail.  All borders are closed and all international flights have been suspended.  All foreigners are banned from entering the country until further notice, with the exception of cargo carriers.  Air Freight:  Main airports in Moscow are open, but with diminished service.  Ocean Freight:  All ports are operating, but capacity is tight and the ports have reported a lack of line equipment.  Domestic Trucking:  There is no guarantee on transit times and rates have increased.

Singapore

On May 11, home-based businesses, like hairdressers, were allowed to reopen.  Some schools can reopen on May 19.  Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announced a nationwide lockdown, effective April 7, and the closure of all non-essential businesses.  Essential services and key economic sectors will remain open.  Citizens should only interact with their family members and work from home if possible.  Gatherings are limited to 10 people or less.  Bars, cinemas and all other entertainment outlets will be closed, effective March 26.  Schools and religious services have been suspended.  Entry of foreign nationals from Mainland China, France, Germany, Italy, Iran, Korea, and Spain is prohibited.  Residents returning from overseas are required to self-isolate at dedicated facilities.  Air Freight:  While passenger airline schedules have been reduced to some destinations, there is some availability on cargo planes and charters. Operations at Changi Airport Terminal 2 will be suspended for 18 months from May 1, 2020.  Ocean Freight:   Some carriers on skeleton staff.  Sembcorp Marine has had to reduce its workforce from 20,000 to just 850 due to restrictions on foreign workers from leaving their dormitories in an effort to prevent the spread of the Coronavirus.  The sharp reduction in its operational workforce has severely constrained yard activities, and significant delays have been reported.  Keppel Shipyard has place 100 workers on a 14-day leave of absence after four COVID-19 cases were discovered among employees and customers, and operations are expected to be severely disrupted.   Domestic Trucking:  Cross border trucking may be affected due to the lockdown in  Malaysia.

South Korea

Seoul closed down more than 2,100 bars, nightclubs and discos after facing a setback this week after a new cluster of cases was detected in Seoul.  Pres. Moon Jae-in said that the fight against Coronavirus is “not over until it’s over.”  On April 16, the government relaxed restrictions, and many companies have ended or eased work from home policies, although many continue to apply flexible work hours and limit travel and face-to-face meetings.  Social distancing policies are no longer in affect, and restaurants, bars, shopping malls, and parks have brimmed with visitors as life returns to normal.  Schools, museums, concert venues, stadiums, and libraries are set to reopen in the coming weeks.  Korea is on RED alert due the rapid spread of the virus.  All ports and airport are operational.  Air Freight:  While airports are operational, many airlines have suspended operations to and from the country.  As such, space is very tight, with a serious space backlog as flights to China has also been cancelled. Rates are increasing to the U.S. and Europe.  Ocean Freight:   Many shipping lines have blanked sailings.  Shippers are advised to increase their lead times.

Taiwan

Entry of all foreign nationals has been banned, effective March 19.

Thailand

On May 3 restaurants, markets, parks and sports venues, hairdressers, pet groomers, and dine-in areas at supermarkets will be allowed to reopen.  Customers can now eat in restaurants, but tables are spaced out for social distancing.  The government issued an Emergency Decree, effective March 22.  A curfew has been imposed – people are barred from going outside from 10 pm – 4 am, with the exception of essential workers. Violators of curfew face up to two years in jail, a $1,200 fine, or both.  All non-essential businesses have been asked to close.  Large gatherings are likely to be cancelled or postponed.  Most offices have implemented alternate working teams.  Foreigners are banned from entering the country at all entry points, with the exception for shippers, drivers, pilots, and diplomats.  Large gatherings are likely to be cancelled or postponed.  Most offices have implemented alternate working teams.  Air Freight:  Many flights have been cancelled and air shipments are in crisis.  Ocean Freight:  MSC, YML, CMA, ONE, OOCL, Hapag Lloyd, and COSCO are working from home.   Domestic Trucking:  All borders, except the Malaysian border, have been closed, and only 4 crossing ports are open.

Vietnam

A countrywide stay-at-home order has been issued, effective April 1.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.  Entry for all foreign nationals has been prohibited.  Air Freight:  Some flights have been suspended, capacity is tight, and rates have increased.  Ocean Freight:  While no significant impacts have been reported, carriers have announced additional blanked sailings.  Crew changes are not allowed.

6. AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND

Australia

On May 15, South Wales will reopen restaurants, outdoor pools and playgrounds. The country has begun easing restrictions.  Two adults (and their children) can now go visit another person’s house, and elective surgeries and dental appointments may resume.  Some beaches in South Wales have reopened.  All borders will be closed on March 20 for at least six months.  Large gatherings are restricted.  Pubs, cinemas and clubs have been ordered to close.  Indigenous communities and isolated towns are enacting their own lockdowns and restricting entry to outsiders.  All non-essential domestic travel has been banned.   The Prime Minister announced a self-isolation requirement for all international arrivals to Australia.  Ocean Freight:  Maritime Safety Queensland has banned all commercial ships from entering ports in Queensland if the ship or any person onboard has been in any country other than Australia within the last 14 days.  Southern ports have banned ships from the ports of Albany, Bunbury, and Esperance until 14 days have elapsed from the last port of call.  ONE, Maersk, and MSC are suspending their joint China-Australia service until at least Q2 due to the impacts of the pandemic.  In order to provide coverage for Xiamen, Nansha, Hong Kong and Yantian to Australia, ONE, MSC, and Maersk will add a Hong Kong call to the North East Australia service.  Medical Equipment:  All suppliers of medical equipment must register their product with TGA before they will be allowed to ship medical products into the country; heavy fines will be imposed to anyone importing without the certification, and goods will be seized as counterfeit.

New Zealand

On May 21, bars can reopen, but social gatherings will still be limited to 10 people.  On May 14, schools, restaurants, and stores can reopen, and workers can return to the office.  Sports can resume and libraries, museums and gyms can reopen.  On April 28 the country began easing restrictions, allowing some non-essential businesses, education, and healthcare to reopen.  Resident can now go hunting, surfing, hiking, and fishing.  Full lockdown went into effect on March 25.  Borders have been closed to all foreign nationals.  All non-essential businesses are closed.  Only essential cargo is allowed to move.  Any non-essential shipment that arrives in the country between March 25 and April 23 will incur storage costs from the CFS and CY’s.

7. MIDDLE EAST

Iran

Businesses in Tehran reopened on April 18, and shopping centers reopened on April 20 with limited hours.  Restaurants, gyms, shrines, and mosque remain closed.  Internal travel has been banned.  Security forces will stop people from traveling between cities.  Regulations will be tightened if people do not obey these regulations, warned President Hassan Rouhani.

Israel

On May 4, first-degree relatives (including the elderly) are allowed to reunite and groups of up to 20 can convene outside and pre-schools and kindergartens reopened.  On May 7, gyms, malls, and markets were allowed to reopen.  On April 26, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu eased some restrictions, allowing some workers to return to work.  Some stores have been reopened, but malls and markets remain closed.  The country went into partial lockdown on March 19.  Non-essential businesses have been closed.  Residents are only allowed to go out for work and basic food shopping, and are only allowed within 100 m (330 ft) of the homes.  Most people are working from home or on unpaid leave. On April 12, several Jerusalem neighborhoods with high infection rates were put into lockdown.  Public transportation has been reduced to a quarter of its usual capacity.  Air Freight:  The airports are open, but most of the carriers have cancelled flights.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are open and functional.  Ashdod and Haifa ports are operating with some delays due to low work force.

Jordan

On May 10, industries and businesses were allowed to restart production.  Beauty parlors, barbershops, dry cleaners, and other small businesses — as well as public transit and taxis — have been allowed to reopen, and citizens are now allowed to drive between 8 am and 6 pm.  The country is in strict lockdown, and a curfew has been imposed, effective March 21.  Restrictions on non-essential movement.  People caught leaving their homes are subject to up to a year in prison.  All passenger flights have been suspended.  Land borders remain open.  Air Freight:  Capacity is tight as many airlines/freight services have suspended service.  Ocean Freight:  Port of Aqaba remains operational but delays are anticipated.   Customs:  Customs is operating at minimum capacity and clearance delays continue.

Kuwait

A 24-hour curfew has been imposed, effective May 10.  The country went into a nationwide lockdown on March 13, and isolated the Mahboula and Jleeb al-Shuyoukh regions on April 6. Non-essential businesses have been closed, and restrictions have been placed on non-essential movement.  A curfew has been imposed from 5 pm to 4 am, and for Ramadan, the curfew will be extended from 4 pm to 8 am.  A ban on all international travelers has been imposed, and all passenger flights have been suspended.  Air Freight:  Freighter flights are still operating.  Airports and ground handling facilities are operating, but with reduced working hours.  Ocean Freight:  Feeder vessels are operating normally, with the exception of vessels that have visited the countries most affected by the pandemic. Domestic Trucking:  Borders are restricted to move only essential commodities, such as food and medical supplies.  Authorities have recommended that other commodities be moved by ocean or air.  Customs:  Customs authorities are working curtailed hours.

Lebanon

Lockdown until March 29.  All businesses are closed and residents have been asked to stay home.  Some vendors are refusing new orders and delaying shipments to Lebanon – which relies heavily on imports – as the spread of the Coronavirus slows global food supply chains, and the timing couldn’t be more grim for the country already struggling after a financial crisis wiped out about half the value of currency and sent prices skyrocketing. The supply chain disruptions threaten to fuel more inflation as poverty levels rise.  Air Freight:  The airport has been closed and all flights have been suspended, including cargo.   Ocean Freight:  Operations are slow due to the pandemic.  Operations related to oil and gas are severely impacted due to worker shortages.

Qatar

Entry into the State of Qatar is restricted to Qatari nationals only.  Shops in main commercial areas have been shut down.  Inbound passenger flights have been suspended.  Freighters and transit flights via Doha are exempted.  Qatar Airlines has reduced flights by 75%.  Air Freight:  Capacity is tight and deliveries will be impacted.  Ocean Freight:  While there has been a severe impact on FCL shipments from North America, export shipments to the Far East and Northern Europe have not been impacted.  Rates are increasing on a weekly basis.  There is a major Reefer equipment shortage from France and northern European ports.  Customs:  Delays have been reported at Hamad International Airport due to additional screening procedures.

Pakistan

Prime Minister Imran Khan eased the nationwide lockdown on May 9 because the government can’t support millions of families that depend on daily wages, as more than 1,600 new cases and 24 deaths were reported.  Shops, factories, and other businesses have been allowed to reopen.  The Khuzestan county remains under lockdown after cases spiked.  On April 20, shopping centers were allowed to reopen with limited hours.  Restaurants, gyms, shrines and mosques remain closed.  On April 14, some low-risk industries, such as constructions, agriculture, and e-commerce, were allowed to reopen.  The country imposed a full lockdown on April 1, closing all non-essential businesses and restricting movement.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia locked down its capital and two holy cities on March 25, the city of Jeddah on March 29, and all major cities on 6.  All mosques, schools and restaurants have been closed, and Mecca and other hotspots are under a 24-hour lockdown.  A nationwide curfew from 3 pm to 6 am has been imposed, and during Ramadan, the curfew will be from 9 am to 5 pm.  All movement in and out of the cities of Riyadh, Mecca, Medina, and Qatif have been suspended.  Air Freight:  All international passenger flights to KSA have been suspended.  Current air shipments in transit are likely to endure delays.  Freighter services are limited and spot rates are at a premium.  Ocean Freight:  Shipping lines are increasing general rates and imposing equipment imbalance and Peak Season surcharges.  Domestic Trucking:  Border authorities have restricted movement to only essential commodities, such as food and medical supplies and are recommending that other commodities be moved via air or ocean.  Customs:  We are expecting delays in import and export clearance and local delivery due to reduced capacity of customs official at the ports of Dammam, Jeddah, and Riyadh.

Turkey

The Turkish government has closed land borders with Greece and Bulgaria and has banned flights to and from 68 countries, including the European Union, Canada, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Guatemala, India, the Philippines, South Korea, and Taiwan.  Air Freight:  Many airlines have completely shut down all international and domestic operations, including Turkish Airlines.  Domestic Trucking:  Over the last few days, huge queues of trucks have formed at the Bulgaria-Turkish border of Kapitan Andre.evo.

UAE

Effective May 11, businesses have been allowed to reopen at 30% capacity.  Food stores in Dubai will be reopened ahead of Ramadan.  Cafes and restaurants were allowed to reopen on April 24 at 30% capacity.  Dubai and Abu Dhabi are both preparing to reopen malls with restrictions; both only allow malls to be at 30% capacity.  Dubai has ordered a 24-hour curfew for 2 weeks, beginning April 5; residents are only allowed out for essential purposes with only one family member allowed to leave at  a time.  It is forbidden to leave for exercise or even walk dogs.  A police permit is required for every trip outdoors.  Essential businesses remain open. Government authorities have announced all passenger flights will be suspended on March 25.  Cargo shipments are excluded from the ban.  Air Freight:  The ban will result in a huge reduction in capacity in this region.  All contractual rates have been withdrawn and carriers are charging unpredictably high spot rates to all destinations.  Ocean Freight:  Major shipping lines continue to operate, although blank sailings have been reported.  Rates have been impacted as GRI/equipment imbalance surcharges have been imposed on certain trade lanes.  Shipping lines are only working on spot or FAK rates.  Domestic Trucking:  All land borders from UAE remain open from UAE to Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, but shippers should expect delays through customs.  Drivers are being screened at all border crossings.  Customs:  Customs and relevant authorities are working  normal hours to support cargo movement.

8.  AFRICA

Cameroon

All borders (land, sea, and air) have been closed, except for transport of essential goods and cargo.  Gatherings of more than 50 are prohibited.  Schools are closed.

Egypt

Prime Minister Mustafa Madbouly announced a ban on the movement of citizens on all public roads from 7 p.m. to 6 a.m., effective March 25.  All public and private transportation has been suspended.  All shops, except groceries and bakeries, will be closed from 5 p.m. until 6 a.m., with full closure on March 27/28.  All government services are suspended, except for health offices.  Air Freight:  Air traffic in the country has also been suspended.  Ocean Freight:  Due to the implementation of the curfew, we anticipate that force majeure will interrupt operations at Port Alexandria.

Kenya

On March 15, Kenya closed schools, blocked non-residents from entering the country, and closed restaurants and pubs.  Residents are asked to maintain social distancing protocols.  All international flights have been cancelled, and travel has been banned in and out of four impacted regions, including the capital, Nairobi.

Morocco

A Sanitary Emergency has been declared, and the country has been in lockdown since March 15.  Non-essential businesses have been closed, and residents are only allowed to leave their homes to buy food and medicine and to work essential jobs.  All international flights have been suspended and borders have been closed.  Ports and airports are open for accepting cargo.

Nigeria

Ocean Freight:  Only cargo vessels that have been out to sea for more than 14 days will be allowed to dock in ports.  Port wait times for vessels has increased.

South Africa

On May 1 the alert level was downgraded, and some businesses and industries were allowed to reopen in phases.  Residents may now leave their homes between 6 am and 9 am for exercise.  Restaurants have reopened for takeout.  A country-wide lockdown went into effect March 26.  All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.   All ports and airports are open and functional.  Delays should be expected.  Ocean Freight:  Ports are still operations with reduced berths.

Tunisia

A stay at home order is in effect.  Business are operating remotely.  All ports and airports remain open and functional.